ASG can reduce transportation petroleum via hybrid or electric cars
The American Samoa Strategic Energy Plan (ASSEP) believes that —should full penetration of base load renewables be realized on the utility power grid in American Samoa— every measure should be taken to tap into the resource by utilizing electric and hybrid vehicles, further reducing fossil fuel consumption.
Transportation strategies are one of the issues discussed in the ASSEP draft which will be sent to the National Renewable Energy Lab — contracted by the Department of Interior to work with the American Samoa Renewable Energy Committee (ASREC).
According to the Plan, transportation has yet to be surveyed and studied.
"This is an important sector, as approximately half of the fuel purchased and brought on-island is for transportation," the Plan notes, adding that transportation is usually a huge portion of island energy use and therefore mandatory for setting and achieving meaningful petroleum reduction goals.
The ASSEP notes that there are many transportation strategies that could be identified and implemented.
The following is a brief outline for a transportation study:
(The three most important transportation statistics are as follows):
1. Number of vehicles on the island (from the DMV)
2. Vehicle miles travelled per vehicle (DMV or survey)
3. Motor fuel use (from Dept. of Revenue or importing company)
"It’s best to have these broken down by vehicle type if possible," the Plan states. "After that, there are many other statistics that are needed but can be worked around. Surveys can be used where data cannot be obtained. If vehicle statistics necessary to complete a full investigation are not available, assumptions will have to be made and estimated until data becomes available."
According to the ASSEP, should large-scale renewable energy for base load generation prove effective in American Samoa, the government could initiate an effective strategy to reduce transportation petroleum via hybrid or electric cars.
"The first steps of this program would include establishing infrastructure throughout the island for recharging electric cars," and the government could pave the way by requiring new government passenger cars to be electric.
"Charging outlets would need to be convenient and plentiful at all major government facilities," the ASSEP concluded.
Once approved, the Plan will be implemented by the American Samoa Power Authority and the Territorial Energy Office.
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