Many more Samoans live in U.S. rather than in territory
Of the more than 180,000 people living in the United States in 2010 who considered themselves Samoan or a combination of Samoan and another race (or races), the majority of them reside in Hawai’i and California, according to summary data released yesterday by the U.S. Census Bureau on the 2010 census for Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (NHPI).
Census data further shows that of the 1.2 million people, or 0.4 percent of all people in the United States, identified as NHPI, either alone or in combination with one or more races, more than 52 percent also reside in Hawai’i and California. The Census Bureau reports that this population grew by 40% from 2000 to 2010.
“Samoan was the second largest detailed NHPI group with 109,637 reporting Samoan alone and an additional 74,803 reporting Samoan in combination with one or more other races and/or detailed NHPI groups,” the Census Bureau said. This sums to 184,440 people who reported Samoan alone or in any combination.”
Native Hawaiian was the largest detailed NHPI group, numbering more than one-half million (527,077).
There were 147,798 people who reported Guamanian or Chamorro either alone (88,310) or in any combination (59,488), according to Census data and information released yesterday morning.
A footnote in the data released by the Census Bureau says that the numbers by detailed NHPI group do not add to the total Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population because the detailed NHPI groups are tallies of the number of NHPI responses rather than the number of NHPI respondents. Respondents reporting several NHPI groups are counted several times.
For example, a respondent reporting “Samoan and Tongan” would be included in the Samoan as well as the Tongan numbers, the footnote says.
Besides Natives Hawaiian, Samoan, Guamanian or Chamorro, the other large Pacific Island population in the U.S. is 57,183 individuals reported of Tongan alone-or-in combination of other race; 32,304 reporting as Fijian alone or in combination. In 2000, the Fijian population was 13,581 while the Tongan population was at 36,840.
Census Bureau says Fijians were the most geographically concentrated in one state, with three-quarters of the Fijian population living in California alone. Almost two-thirds of Tongans lived in just two states — California (40 percent) and Utah (23 percent).
The Census Bureau is expected to release later in the year, more specific details of where the NHPI reside in each state and city, along with other information such as household. Census population data is found on www.census.gov
People who reported only one race on their 2010 Census questionnaire are referred to as the race “alone” population, according to the Census Bureau. For example, respondents who marked only a Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander category or categories would be included in the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone population.
Individuals who chose more than one of the six race category options on the 2010 Census form are referred to as the race "in combination" population. One way to define the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population is to combine those respondents who reported Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone with those who reported Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander in combination with one or more other races.