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SN News Thursday, September 20, 2012

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Arctic ice shrinks to all-time low; just half 1980 size… 8 Fono hears from Manu’a doc on health clinics 2 Fagaitua Vikings are looking to bounce back B1
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Two rangers with their bikes in front of the National Park of American Samoa office in Pago Pago, as the park service this month stepped up its commitment to “Go Green” with an initial purchase of two new bikes for employee use for official business throughout the Bay Area. “This is a great opportunity, not only to use less fossil fuel, but also to improve the health of our employees,” said acting superintendent Steve Gibbons. National park staff are all empowered to be agents in charge of this effort, with each office and individual making a valuable [photo: NPS] contribution.
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Fono: Joint budget High Court dismisses Savecommittee proposes Sandra challenge on appeal cuts of $6 Million +
by Fili Sagapolutele Samoa News Correspondent
LbJ SUbSIDy CUT by $1MILLION
by Fili Sagapolutele, Samoa News Correspondent
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The Senate and House are scheduled to vote today in third and final reading for the American Samoa Government’s budget for fiscal year 2013, which has been reduced by more than $6 million. Both chambers voted to endorse yesterday at second reading their own versions of the amended budget after the Fono’s joint budget committee met earlier in the day to iron out final language to the original budget of $497.29 million. From a meeting early this week, the joint budget committee agreed to cut $6.8 million in local revenue, because there is no assurance that this money will be available at the start of the new fiscal year, after conflicting testimony from government witnesses. The task was then given to the chairmen of the Senate and House budget and appropriations committee to go through the locally funded agencies and programs to cut the $6.8 million that can then be resubmitted as a separate supplemental appropriation at the appropriate time. The chairmen presented their amendments to the joint committee yesterday morning followed by a debate and review of the amendments that lasted about two hours. In the end lawmakers agreed to cuts that add up to $6.8 million. The cuts are as follows: ➤ DOE $394,000; ➤ Scholarship Fund $500,000; ➤ Governor’s Office $500,000; ➤ ASG stimulus office $459,500; ➤ Department of Information Technology $296,500 ➤ Legislature $500,000; ➤ ASG vs Siaumau case funding $150,000; ➤ Marisco settlement federal case $1 million; ➤ Laufou settlement case $1 million; ➤ ASPA- outstanding debt $1 million (which is to help pay down ASG’s debts to ASPA); ➤ DPS $50,000; ➤ DPW $500,000; and ➤ DOE facility renovations $450,000. $1MIL CUT FROM ASG SUbSIDy TO LbJ Another major change to the budget is that the Fono cut $1 million from the ASG’s $5 million subsidy to the LBJ Medical Center, reallocating the $1 million to other services. Earlier in the week, the joint committee was informed by House Budget and Appropriations Committee chairman Vailiuama Steve Leasiolagi that $1 million should be cut from the ASG subsidy because LBJ should be getting additional money through the new 2% wage tax in the new fiscal year. According to the wage law, revenues collected under this wage tax is to first pay off the $3 million loan for the hospital from the ASG Workmen’s Compensation Account. There-
The Appellate Division of the High Court yesterday dismissed the petition by candidate for governor Save Liuato Tuitele and candidate for lieutenant governor Sandra King Young, who appealed a decision by the chief election officer denying their challenge of the eligibility of four other candidates in the gubernatorial race. The challenged candidates are candidates for governor Lolo Letalu Matalasi Moliga and Dr. Salu Hunkin-Finau and candidates for lieutenant governor Le’i Sonny Thompson and Taufete’e John Faumuina. The main gist of the challenge is these candidates didn’t resign from their government jobs prior to active campaigning, citing ASCA 4.0102 subsection (f). “The issue for this appeal is whether ASCA 4.0102(f) establishes qualifications or eligibility requirements for gubernatorial candidates,” according to the 7-page appellate decision released before 4 p.m. yesterday. “We hold it does not and will dismiss the petition,” the decision said at the outset of the ruling, which was signed by Chief Justice Michael Kruse, Associate Justice John L. Ward II, Chief Associate Judge Logoai Siaki and Associate Judge Mamea Sala Jr. This is the same panel
that heard oral arguments on Tuesday. On its face 4.0102(f) does not clearly establish qualifications of candidates subject to determination by the chief election officer, the decision states and noted that this statute does not mention “qualification(s)” or “eligibility” at all. According to the judges, this stands in contrast to other subsections of ASCA 4.0102 in which the phrase “not eligible” was specifically included in each of the subsections (c), (d), and (e). The fact that certain subsections of ASCA 4.0102 explicitly state that failure to comply results in a candidate’s ineligibility for the office of governor or lieutenant governor, while subsection (f) “is silent, suggests that the Legislature did not intend for a violation of ASCA 4.0201(f) to result in ineligibility.” CONCLUSION AND ORDER Both the language used by the Legislature and the legislative history of ASCA 4.0201 strongly indicate that subsection (f) “was intended to prohibit certain activities of gubernatorial candidates, and not to establish additional qualification or eligibility requirements,” the judges pointed out. They also say that the “administrative authority for enforcing subsection (f) appears to have been delegated to the director of Human Resources.”
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Three teams vying for governor and lieutenant governor in the 2012 general election participated in yesterday morning’s Gubernatorial Disabilities Forum. Although a full slate of candidates had been expected, the challenge to the eligibility of some kept three teams away, with the team of Save & Sandra notifying the organizers that their attorney had advised them not to participate until a decision was rendered. In attendance were Dr. Salu Hunkin-Finau & Iuniasolua Savusa; Afoa M. Lutu & Le’i Sonny (Photo JL) Thompson; and Timothy Jones & Tuika Tuika. Read story in Friday’s issue.
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Talofa Video Fono hears from Manu’a doctor
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samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012
DR. MALO TUIOLOSEGA: “DOh hAS bEEN DySFUNCTIONAL FOR A LONG TIME”
by Samoa News staff
on state of DOH health clinics
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MOMENTS IN TIME
 On Oct. 6, 1847, “Jane Eyre,” a book about the struggles of an orphan girl who grows up to become a governess, is published. Charlotte Bronte, the book’s author, wrote of her experiences at being sent to a boarding school at the age of 5.  On Oct. 1, 1920, Scientific American magazine reports that the rapidly developing medium of radio soon would be used to broadcast music: “Experimental concerts are at present being conducted every Friday evening from 8:30 to 11:00 by the Radio Laboratory of the Bureau of Standards.”  On Oct. 5, 1930, a British dirigible crashes in Beauvais, France, killing all 56 people aboard. The R-101, Great Britain’s biggest blimp, was flying only 250 feet above the ground, unbeknownst to the pilots because of the dark night. The blimp skimmed treetops before hitting a ridge, igniting the hydrogen supply.  On Oct. 4, 1944, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower distributes to his combat units a report by the U.S. Surgeon General that reveals the hazards of prolonged exposure to combat. Based on this evaluation, American commanders judged that the average soldier could last about 200 days in combat before suffering serious psychiatric damage.  On Oct. 2, 1968, St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Bob Gibson strikes out 17 Detroit Tigers in the first game of the World Series, breaking Sandy Koufax’s record for the most strikeouts in a Series game.  On Oct. 7, 1975, a New York State Supreme Court judge reverses a deportation order for John Lennon, allowing him to remain legally in the U.S. The judge wrote that “The courts will not condone selective deportation based upon secret political grounds.” An FBI investigation of Lennon had turned up no evidence of involvement in illegal activities.  On Oct. 3, 1995, Heisman Trophy winner O.J. Simpson is acquitted of the double murder of his estranged wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend, Ronald Goldman, despite a DNA match, a wound on Simpson’s hand, the recent purchase of a “Stiletto” knife and matching shoeprints at the scene. (c) 2011 King Features Synd., Inc.
Department of Health is rotating physicians from Tutuila for clinics in the Manu’a island group after the resignation last month of Dr. Malouamaua Tuiolosega, who told lawmakers that the department has been “dysfunctional for a long time”. House Health/LBJ Committee committee Rep. Pulele’iite T. Liamatua called a hearing Tuesday morning based on a request from House Vice Speaker Fa’afetai Iaulualo, who revealed last week that the only physician based at the Ta’u Clinic, who has also overseen the clinic on Ofu island since 2009, has resigned from DOH. Although he has resigned from DOH, Tuiolosega said his service is still made available to residents of Manu’a in need of medical care. He works from his own office on Tutuila. He explained that many times there were requests to the main DOH for supplies and other needs that went without a response. For example, he said a request for half a million dollars was made to DOH as matching funds for a federal grant, with no response. He also requested financial support to fix the air conditioner, as well as well as make some repairs to the morgue, but there was also no reply from the DOH main office. He also shared with the committee other problems faced by the clinics on Ta’u, which was officially opened more than four years ago, as well as Ofu. Among them, lack of additional physicians and nurses, no set budget to operate the two clinics and no vehicle for use in Manu’a. While there is no vehicle on Ofu, there is one for Ta’u, but Dr. Tuiolosega testified that it is in need of major repairs, because many times the vehicle died on the road. He also said the vehicle does not make it up the hill from Tau to other villages. The doctor said there is just one representative for Emergency Medical Service, but no ambulance. He said most of the time, he borrows someone else’s vehicle on Ta’u or uses his bike, which is also his mode of transportation
upon arrival on Ofu. And when there is no other choice, he walks to visit homes of patients needing assistance. Tuiolosega informed lawmakers that medication ordered from California is now at the Ofu clinic and there are major U.S. companies that provide medication who have offered their assistance to work with him to improve health services and needs for the Manu’a islands. Responding to questions from the committee, Tuiolosega described DOH as “dysfunctional” for a long time and among the functions that he suggested to be carried out is for DOH to conduct a full inventory. Additionally, there is a need for people who can do the job and who understand the job. He believes that a lot of money is allocated to DOH. He said Manu’a Island residents are the “most underserved” in the territory and the reason he first decided to return home and be based in Manu’a. DOh DEPUTy DIRECTOR RESPONDS More than an hour into Tuiolosega’s hearing, the DOH deputy director Elizabeth Ponausuia arrived at the House chamber although she was scheduled to testify before the same committee early Tuesday afternoon. From the House gallery Ponausuia, who is also acting DOH director, heard some criticism by Tuiolosega. Since she was already at the House gallery, Ponausuia was called before the committee after Tuiolosega’s hearing was completed and the U.S. certified physician had left the House chamber. At the outset of the hearing, Ponausuia dismissed claims by Tuiolosega that there is a problem with the care provided by DOH for residents of Manu’a. She said the clinics in Manu’a are good and the service is also good. She also claimed that Tuiolosega didn’t take care of the clinics in Tau and Ofu as well as the offices there, or the living quarters used by DOH staff in Manu’a and this includes living quarters used by Tuiolosega.
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ALL PUZZLE ANSWERS ON PAGE 14
by Joyetter Feagaimaali’i-Luamanu Samoa News Staff reporter
Merlin Uli charged with escape while on ‘work release’
samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012 Page 3
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Merlin Uli, one of the Uli twins currently serving time, is facing charges on allegations that he escaped while on work release on several occasions. Merlin is currently serving ten years in jail with his twin brother Marlon following their conviction on two counts of unlawful possession of a controlled substance. Merlin made his initial appearance in the District Court on Monday. The defendant is charged with four counts of escape while on program release, which is a class D felony punishable by imprisonment up to five years , a fine of up to $5,000 or both. According to the government’s case, a police detective was assigned to investigate allegations that Merlin, who’s out on work release, was leaving his work place. It’s alleged that on November 16, 2011 the defendant was approved to take part in the work release program. The government claims the defendant was approved to work at 3M Burger and was already attending college full time. This part time job was between classes and after classes. The government alleges that on June 22, 2012 a search warrant was executed at the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) Cell Unit inside the Tafuna Correctional facility where the defendant was housed. “A number of items were seized during the execution of this search warrant; some of the items indicated the defendant was deviating from the direct route to and from his work release,” say court filings, which also state that during the search multiple receipts were confiscated from the defendant’s cell. One of the receipts dated January 5, 2012 was a receipt for a money order at the post office in Fagatogo and the defendant’s signature was on the receipt. It’s alleged the signature on the receipt matches the defendant’s signature on both his driver’s license and voter registration card. Police also confiscated the driver’s license and voter registration card issued to the defendant. The driver’s license for the defendant contains Merlin’s photo and signature that was issued on September 14, 2011. An employee with the OMV, Sam Kolone confirmed with police that he recalled seeing Merlin at the OMV on September 14, 2011. The voter’s registration card also contains the photo and signature of the defendant and it was issued in September 2011. It’s alleged that on May 25, 2012 post office employee Chevonne Lafaele was about to leave work at the Leone Post office, and while in her vehicle, she was approached by one of the Uli twins. Lafaele was unclear which of the twins came to talk to her about a package that was scheduled to arrive on island and tracking information for the package noted that it was already on island, however he did not receive the yellow slip to pick it up. Lafaele told him that he would have to go to the Fagatogo Post office. The government claims that a photo line-up was later presented to Lafaele where she identified that it was Merlin who she saw at the Post office in Leone.
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(BASED ON PRESS RELEASE) – HONIARA, SOLOMON ISLANDS, TUESDAY 18 SEPTEMBER 2012 – Young people (15-29 years old) make up 60% of the population in the Pacific but are sidelined in decision making, participants at the Commonwealth Pacific Youth Leadership and Integrity Conference heard today. As the Duke of Cambridge said yesterday in his speech to the conference organized by the Commonwealth Youth Progra, young leaders are heirs and successors for the Commonwealth. They are also important leaders today, spearheading programs and activities in their communities to tackle key social issues. Yet, young people are often sidelined in decision making by both government and nongovernment organizations. According to the conference´s 40 participants representing 14 Pacific countries, governments’ treatment of youth is often for ‘show’ only. Youth identified various problems relating to their participation in decision making: tokenism (where a young person might be invited to a meeting but not to speak or have a role), favouritism (where young relatives of elites are invited to meetings), and the “welcome mat” issue where young people trying to influence
Young people in Pacific often sidelined in decision-making
NGO or government decisions have a hard time getting in the door or are not made to feel welcome in decision making forums. Cultural norms sometimes meant young people and especially young women could not speak, or could speak but were not heard or their concerns acted upon. On the other hand, young people talked about experiences they had when the heads of families, churches, chiefs and others included youth in their decisions and this was welcome. Sometimes young people are stereotyped negatively. For example in the case of Solomon Islands during its civil conflict (1998-2003), as young people were led by militia leaders into violent and unruly behavior, some youth activities were closed as gatherings of young people were seen as a security issue, even though the youth activities were peaceful and posed no threat to the community. Young people are keen to correct these stereotypes and to point out the positive role youth leaders play in many communities. The issue of youth participation in decision making is being explored in a joint research project by the Commonwealth Youth Program and Victoria University.
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This ad was paid for by the committee to elect Lolo & Lemanu for Governor and Lt. Governor
Has the US economy really bottomed out? Census suggests yes
WASHINGTON (AP) — The U.S. economy is showing signs of finally bottoming out: Americans are on the move again after record numbers had stayed put, more young adults are leaving their parents’ homes to take a chance with college or the job market, once-sharp declines in births are leveling off and poverty is slowing. New 2011 census data being released Thursday offer glimmers of hope in an economic recovery that technically began in mid2009. The annual survey, supplemented with unpublished government figures as of March 2012, covers a year in which unemployment fell modestly from 9.6 percent to 8.9 percent. Not all is well. The jobless rate remains high at 8.1 percent. Home ownership dropped for a fifth straight year to 64.6 percent, the lowest in more than a decade, hurt by more stringent financing rules and a shift to renting. More Americans than ever are turning to food stamps, while residents in housing that is considered “crowded” held steady at 1 percent, tied for the highest since 2003. Taken as a whole, however, analysts say the latest census data provide wide-ranging evidence of a stabilizing U.S. economy. Coming five years after the housing bust, such a leveling off would mark an end to the longest and most pernicious economic decline since World War II. “We may be seeing the beginning of the American family’s recovery from the Great Recession,” said Andrew Cherlin, a professor of sociology and public policy at Johns Hopkins University. He pointed in particular to the upswing in mobility and to young men moving out of their parents’ homes, both signs that more young adults were testing out job prospects. “It could be the modest number of new jobs or simply the belief that the worst is over,” Cherlin said. Richard Freeman, an economist at Harvard University, said the data point to a “fragile recovery,” with the economy still at risk of falling back into recession, depending in part on who is president and whether Congress averts a “fiscal cliff” of deep government spending cuts and higher taxes in January. “Given the situation in the world economy, we are doing better than many other countries,” he said. “Government policies remain critical.” The census figures also show slowing growth in the foreign-born population, which increased to 40.4 million, or 13 percent of the U.S. population. Last year’s immigration increase of 400,000 people was the lowest in a decade, reflecting a minimal gain of Latinos after many Mexicans already in the U.S. opted to return home. Some 11 million people are estimated to be in the U.S. illegally. The bulk of new immigrants are now higher-skilled workers from Asian countries such as China and India, contributing to increases in the foreign-born population in California, New York, Illinois and New Jersey. Income inequality varied widely by region. The gap between rich and poor was most evident in the District of Columbia, New York, Connecticut, Louisiana and New Mexico, where immigrant or minority groups were more numerous. By county, Berkeley in West Virginia had the biggest jump in household income inequality over the past year, a result of fast suburban growth just outside the Washington-Baltimore region, where pockets of poor residents and newly arrived, affluent commuters live side by side. As a whole, Americans were slowly finding ways to get back on the move. About 12 percent of the nation’s population, or 36.5 million, moved to a new home, up from a record low of 11.6 percent in 2011. Among young adults 25 to 29, the most mobile age group, moves also increased to 24.6 percent from a low of 24.1 percent in the previous year. Longer-distance moves, typically for those seeking new careers in other regions of the country, rose modestly from 3.4 percent to 3.8 percent. Less willing to rely on parents, roughly 5.6 million Americans ages 25-34, or 13.6 percent, lived with Mom and Dad, a decrease from 14.2 percent in the previous year. Young men were less likely than before to live with parents, down from 18.6 percent to 16.9 percent; young women living with parents edged higher to 10.4 percent, up from 9.7percent.
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samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012
BPW international leadership scholarship winner to speak
by Teri Hunkin Samoa News staff writer
dba Samoa News is published Monday through Saturday, except for some local and federal holidays. Please send correspondences to: OF, dba Samoa News, Box 909, Pago Pago, American Samoa 96799. Contact us by Telephone at (684) 633-5599 Contact us by Fax at (684) 633-4864 Contact us by Email at samoanews@samoatelco.com Normal business hours are Mon. thru Fri. 8am to 5pm. Permission to reproduce editorial and/or advertisements, in whole or in part, is required. Please address such requests to the Publisher at the address provided above.
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Business and Professional Women International (BPWI) recently held a Leadership course in Bangkok, Thailand and one of the young women chosen to attend the event represented the territory of American Samoa. “The Passion, Purpose and Potency” course planners selected Taumuli Judy Mulitalo of BPW Pago Pago from among seven Asia/Pacific finalists as the winner of the Leadership Tuition Scholarship. In a recent press release, the 31-year old winner, who hails from the village of PetesaTai, Tafuna, cited the Global Leadership Practice of Australia and The Grubb Institute in London, UK, as the forces combining resources to host the leadership event, whose official name was “Passion, Purpose and Potency- Releasing Untapped Resources in People and Organizations.” The award was for attendance at the conference, which cost $3,000. “Judy’s essay stood out amongst the seven we received,” said Angela McLeod, BPW International Public Relations Manager and a member of the judging panel. As a young BPW member who has been an active member of BPW Pago Pago for five years, Judy was eligible to attend and enthusiastic about participating. Currently, she serves on the local board as the BPW Pago Pago Secretary, after previously serving as a Board Member at large for two years. She is also chair person for all the Young BPW events in American Samoa. “We are looking forward to hearing from Judy about the event and watching her professional development,” said Mrs. McLeod in a prepared statement. In a letter to the BPWI, Judy noted, that, if chosen for the scholarship, she would “absorb Judy Mulitalo, local winner of the BPW all she could for the duration of the training, International Leadership Tuition Scholarship submit a report back to BPW International, [courtesy photo] and share what she has learned with her local organization.” She will fulfill a part of that promise this evening, when she speaks at a BPW sponsored event in Tafuna. Ms. Mulitalo said she was both “excited and honored” to be chosen for the prestigious spot in the convention, which brought individuals from around the world together for the purpose of learning how to unlock the leadership potential within themselves, as well as the organizations which they lead. “Strong leadership is essential, because it navigates the direction of any organization” she wrote, adding that “especially in the Pacific, we need to have a clear vision and strong skills to address the complex challenges …and be mindful of the importance of preserving the values that bind people and communities.” A graduate of Tafuna High School and ASCC with an Associate degree in Accounting, Judy currently works for May and Associates, Certified Public Accounting Services. She plans to be a CPA herself, and told Samoa News, “We need to look into ourselves and discover what we are passionate about so we can work with purpose.” According to Mulitalo, areas explored during the Bangkok conference included: ➤ Working with purpose and how critical this can be in ensuring taking up your role and team success ➤ Understanding role connectivity and how the interconnections influence the outcome ➤ Understanding the formal and informal roles that people take in teams and/or projects and how useful these are or not toward the purpose ➤ Understanding how the context and organizational way of working can greatly influence how people undertake their roles and therefore their success in achieving outcomes. For all those who would like to learn more about leadership training, and come together with like minded women for this purpose, Judy will be giving a presentation on her training and experiences while she was in Bangkok. The event happens this evening (Thursday, Sept. 20). The meeting will be held at the Haleck Building in Tafuna, Suite #204 at 5:30 p.m. tonight. (Attorney Roy Hall conference room) Admission is free and open to the public. As she was also supported in her journey with financial assistance from BPW of Pago Pago and May & Associates, Judy told Samoa News that it was her desire to return from the conference “with a broad and international understanding of the challenges and approaches to effective leadership” which could be shared with others. Judy will also be a speaker at the BPW Leadership Conference “Voices of Pacific Women” to be held at the Lee Auditorium October 24 through Oct. 26, 2012. Conference information is available at bpw-pagopago.com. For more information on either event, please contact Judy at 699-5489, or look for the ad outlining the October conference in Samoa News. BPW Pago Pago president Anne Wellborn noted that it is an organization which has at its core a belief that empowering women in a society lifts that society up, and leadership training is an invaluable link in the professional development for women of all ages. “We’re very proud of Judy and know that her voice will be a strong one in years to come.” she said. President Wellborn extends an invitation to all women to come out this evening, as well as during the October leadership conference, where women from throughout the region will be in attendance.
samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012 Page 5
by Joyetter Feagaimaali’i-Luamanu Samoa News Staff reporter
1 OF 2 ChARGED IN SEXUAL CASE INVOLVING GIRL, 14, ENTERS GUILTy PLEA One of two men facing charges of rape in connection with a sex case involving the same girl has entered into a plea agreement with the government. The defendants in this case are “John” also known as Lemisio Taetuli and the victim’s uncle, whose name is being withheld to protect the identity of the victim. However Taetuli entered a guilty plea while the government’s case against the uncle is still in negotiation. Taetuli, who remains in custody of police on bail of $50,000 is charged with rape, sodomy with a child, deviate sexual assault with a child, sexual abuse first degree and endangering the welfare of a child. Taetuli pleaded guilty to rape while the remaining charges were dismissed as part of the plea agreement. Richmond accepted the plea agreement and scheduled sentencing for the defendant on October 24, 2012. According to the government’s case, the incidents came to light when the victim ran away from home and a report was filed with police. It’s alleged the victim, now 14 years old, told the police that sexual incidents started between her and Lemisio Taetuli when she was 12 years old. Court documents state that Taetuli, admitted to police that he had oral sex and sexual intercourse with the victim when she was 12 years of age and gave the victim money after they had sexual intercourse or oral sex. The defendant is represented by Assistant Public Defender Leslie Cardin while prosecuting are Deputy Attorney General Mitzie Jessop and Assistant Attorney General Camille Philippe. FORMER KOOLINE EMPLOyEE RELEASED FROM JAIL FOLLOWING PRISON SENTENCE A former clerk for Kooline Refrigeration who stole, forged and cashed checks for her personal use was sentenced to 12 months in jail as a condition of her three- year sentence. However Fegaua’i Toese has been released from jail, and Chief Justice Michael Kruse noted that the defendant has paid back $1,200 to the company, and it was requested through the government to release Toese given that she has paid back the money. Toese was initially charged for stealing and forgery, and
in a plea agreement she pled guilty to both charges against her. The defendant apologized to the court, Kooline and her family for her actions, for which she was remorseful. Toese asked the court to allow her to return home to care for her family. Kruse sentenced the defendant to three years in jail for felony stealing and three years for forgery and the sentences were to run at the same time, or concurrently. Kruse suspended the execution of sentencing and placed Toese on three- year probation under the conditions that she serve 12 months in jail, pay restitution, (which she has already done) and remain a law abiding citizen, visiting her probation office regularly.
Kruse then ordered the defendant be credited for time served and stayed the balance of the 12 months. According to the government’s case the incident was discovered when the Kooline Refrigeration Samoa manager, who was off island from June 1-9, 2012, found upon his return three checks missing. The manager told police he tried to contact the defendant, but she had left for Samoa and upon returning to the island did not return to work. Toese was employed at Kooline, located in Nu’uuli for just a few months. The defendant is represented by Assistant Public Defender Leslie Cardin while prosecuting is Asst. AG Kimberly Hyde.
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First lady Michelle Obama greets an enthusiastic packed house at Minges Coliseum on the East Carolina University campus in Greenville, N.C., Wednesday night, Sept. 19, 2012.
(AP Photo/The Daily Reflector, Rob Taylor)
A Rising Tide Lifts All Boats Galu Fati e Si’i Uma i Luga Va’a
Tofi Faipule Uosinitone Tofi Faipule Uosinitone
Fa’atalofa atu Samoa. Fa’afeta’i le alofa o le tatou matai i le lagi i lenei taeao fou. Fa’amanuia atu fo’i le Atua i le alo faiva atu o le atunu’u i le faiga palota ia Novema aso 6, 2012. Ae alo maia Samoa i ou pa’ia ma faiga, aua Samoa o le atunu’u tofi e pe’i o le sami loloto ae ua iloga ala o i’a. Tulouna i le Faleagafulu, i a Sua ma le Vaifanua, Ituau ma le Alataua, Fofo ma Aitulagi, Saole ma le Launiu Saelua - afifio o Ma’opu. Fa’atulou fo’i i le Manu’atele, i le Laau na Amotasi, ali’i Fa’atui ma le au va’a o To’oto’o o le Fale’ula. Pa’ia lava lea i le motu-sa. Tainane ai fo’i le motu tua’oi ia Tumua ma Pule, Itu’au ma Alataua, Aiga ile Tai ma le Va’a o Fonoti. O Tama ma o latou Aiga, o Aiga fo’i ma o latou Tama. Tulou lava. Fa’atulou atu fo’i i aufaigaluega pa’ia a le Atua i fatafaitaulaga e fia mo talosaga aua se manuia o Samoa. Ua folasia nei i malae lo’u fa’amoemoe e tauva mo le tofi Faipule i uasinitone. O le atugaluga, ua atagia mai i ni tulafono Feterale le fa’afitauli o loo tulai mai i le taimi nei. Fa’apei o ni galu e le fati, o le a l mafai ai ona si’i uma i luga va’a. O lona uiga, e faigata ona si’itia le tulaga o le soifuaga o tagata uma o le atunu’u pea le fausiaina ni tulafono e talafeagai ma fuafuaga aua le atina’eina o le tamaoagia i le Teritori. Fa’ata’ita’iga o nei tulafono, o le totogi amata e fa’atusa i totogi maualuga fa’atulagaina ma fa’atulafonoina e le Konekeresi; ae peita’i, e le talafeagai ma le soifuaga i lenei vaitau. O lo’u manatu, ave i le Malo, Kamupani ma Pisinisi le pule e feutaga’i ai totogi amata mo tagata faigaluega i le Teritori. Lona lua, Cabotage tulafono, o le tulafono Feterale e fa’asa ai va’alele lau pasese mai fafo ona la’u pasese i va o ni malae va’alele e lua i Setete o le Malo Tele Amerika. O lenei tulafono ua faigata ona atina’e ai polokalama mo tagata asiasi mai fafo, ma fa’amaualalo ai le tau o paseseva’alele. Lea la e tatau ona toe saili le tofa ma le utaga loloto ni isi suiga maumaututu e fa’aagafua ai lenei tulafono. O le mata’upu lona tolu, o le fa’asologa o tusitusiga mai le aso 6 Setema i le tausaga 2012. O lea ua tuuina atu ai lenei faamatalaga fou i le gagana Samoa ma le Peretania mo se malamalamaga a le mamalu o le aupalota ma le atunu’u. Lona tolu, e i ai lo’u talitonuga, e tutusa uma tagata i lalo o le fa’avae o le Malo o Amerika ma le Teritori pe’i ona tuuina mai ai fa’aiuga fa’amasinoga ni isi Setete o le malo tele o Amerika. Ae peita’i, ou te sapaia le agaga ma le mata-tusi o le tulafono Feterale Puipuia ai Ulugali’i e fa’apitoa lea i le va o le tamaloa ma le tama’ita’i. Ae ou te manatu, e tatau fo’i ona sasa’a iai le tofa ma le utaga loloto a le atunu’u ni fautuaga i le mata’upu fa’a-iuni. The Defense of Marriage Act or (DOMA) is the federal statute that defines marriage as a union between one man and one woman. Personally, I take extreme care and circumspection in the creator of individual liberties. As such, the traditional definition of marriage is between one man and one woman. Therefore, I support the letter and spirit of the underlying federal law “with malice toward none, but with charity for all (Lincoln)”. Ia manu pea ina le soifua laulelei Samoa. A fai ua sala pe sasi fo’i se upu, ia fa’amalulu i le atunu’u ona faiva ma tiute o lo’o feagai ai aua le faiga palota i le tausaga nei. Ma le ava tele,
Kereti Mata’utia, Jr.
Tofi Faipule i Uosinitone
Kereti Is Committed To Public Service And Humbly Ask For Your Vote To Serve The Community, Village, County, Government And People Of American Samoa As Your Congressman In Washington D.C.
Paid for by the committee to elect Kereti Mata’utia, Jr., for U.S. Congress - P.O. Box 6211, Pago Pago, AS 96799 • 684-699-2252 / 808-226-5579
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samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012
Pacific paradise “endangered by goats and cats”
ROBINSON CRUSOE ISLAND, Chile (AP) — It’s still a natural paradise far out in the Pacific, with thick jungles and stunningly steep and verdant slopes climbing out of the sea. But much of the splendor in the tiny Chilean islands that likely inspired Daniel Defoe’s “Robinson Crusoe” castaway novel is being eaten away. Nearly four centuries of human contact have left many slopes denuded, their trees and plants lost to logging and fires, or devoured by imported goats and rabbits. Jungles remain, but invasive species are crowding out the unique native plants and birds that evolved during more than a million years of splendid isolation. “It’s a textbook example of how to degrade an ecosystem,” said Cristian Estades of the University of Chile, an expert on the islands’ birds. A handful of biologists, environmentalists, teachers and Chilean government officials are working with islanders on projects to save endangered species by eliminating non-native plants and animals. In a world full of daunting environmental challenges, they say this one can be solved with enough time, effort and money, in part because the three islands are so remote — 416 miles (670 kilometers) west of the Chilean mainland. Chile has a $12 million plan to keep more outside species from reaching the Juan Fernandez archipelago and control what’s already here. Island Conservation and other nonprofit groups say $20 million is needed just to start, by baiting the jungles with poison and flying hunters in on helicopters to eliminate animals that don’t belong. Millions more would then be needed to keep invaders out and restore the natives. Neither plan is fully funded, however, and at this point the scientists involved can do little more than document what’s disappearing. The islands were declared a world biosphere reserve by the United Nations in 1977. For their size, a total of just 38 square miles (100 square kilometers), they are 61 times richer in plant diversity and 13 times richer in bird life than the Galapagos, according to Island Conservation. They still have 137 plants and a handful of bird species found nowhere else in the world, including a brilliant red hummingbird and the Dendroseris gigantea, a species so rare that until a few years ago, there was only a single tree left alive. Forty-nine of the islands’ plant species and seven kinds of birds are classified as critically endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. At least eight others have already become extinct. Their main enemies are the plants and animals imported by humans: Not only goats and rabbits, but cats, rats, mice and the carnivorous coati, a type of raccoon native to the American tropics. The cats are particularly adept at hunting the hummingbirds, whose numbers have dropped to as low as 1,000, in part because they didn’t evolve in ways that made them fear feline predators. Chilean settlers have cut down native trees and planted other types that foster wildfires and transform birds’ habitats. Fast-growing blackberry brambles native to Europe and North Africa and maqui fruit trees native to mainland Chile have done the most damage, along with imported eucalyptus trees that grow as high as 230 feet (70 meters), sucking up groundwater and acidifying the soil. “I don’t want to think that this kind of cancer can’t be solved,” said Juan Carlos Ordenes, who teaches history and geography in the islands’ only school, and regularly leads his students on rootpulling expeditions. Skeptics wonder if it’s worth spending millions of dollars to preserve a few birds and plants on islands so small that they don’t appear on many maps. But Hugo Arnal, the South America director for Island Conservation, says “the cost of inaction is much more expensive.” Without the dense jungles and unique trees and hummingbirds, tourists won’t come, topsoil will blow away and fresh water for the 700 islanders will dry up. Supplying their town with food and essentials would become much more expensive for Chile’s navy, which currently sails to the island once a month. “The economic development of Juan Fernandez will depend on maintaining a healthy biodiversity: controlled and sustainable shrimp fishing, and ecotourism based on its unique species,” he said. Key to any solution are the islanders who live in the neat little town of San Juan Bautista on Robinson Crusoe, the only island inhabited year-round. Domesticated cats ruled theirgardens during a recent visit by The Associated Press, and while most townspeople have agreed to sterilize their pets, many more cats are loose in the jungle. U.S. ornithologist Erin Hagen, who has spent 10 years studying the hummingbirds, said few islanders are willing to abandon their pet cats or give up goat and rabbit meat for their dinners. “There are people who are making the decision to live without these invasive animals, and others who are very attached to their pets, and others who like to go out hunting,” Hagen said.
(Continued on page 15)
Undated picture of a juvenile Dendrosis gigantea on Robinson Crusoe island, one of 50 trees grown from the seeds of what had been the last remaining member of its species. That ‘mother tree’ on Alejandro Selkirk island is now surrounded by 15 offspring, bringing the trees back from the brink of extinction. Invasive species are destroying the habitat of unique native plants and birds that evolved during more than a million years of isolation before human contact with the Juan (AP Photo/Hugo Arnal) Fernandez archipelago, west of the Chilean mainland.
The National Society of High School Scholars
Local Student SILAFAGA PEKO Receives National Honor
Leone High School student recognized for superior academic achievement by The National Society of High School Scholars ATLANTA, GA- August 30, 2012 - The National Honor Society of High School Scholars (NSHSS) today announced that Leone High School student Silafaga Peko from Pago Pago, AS, has been selected for membership. The Society recognizes top scholars and invites only those students who have achieved academic excellence.The announcement was made by NSHSS Founder and Chairman Claes Nobel, a senior member of the family that established the Nobel Prizes. On behalf of NSHSS, I am honored to recognize the hard work, sacrifice, and commitment that Silafaga has demonstrated to achieve this level of academic excellence,”said Mr.Nobel. “Silafaga is now a member of a unique community of scholars a community that represents our very best hope for the future.” Our vision is to build a dynamic international organization that connects members with meaningful content, resources, and opportunities, “ stated NSHSS President James Lewis. “We aim to help students like Silafaga build on their academic sucesses and enhance the skills and desires to have a positive impact on the global community.” Membership in NSHSS entitles qualified students to enjoy a wide variety of benefits, including scholarship opportunities, academic competitions, free events, member-only resources, publications, participation in programs offered by educational partners, online forums, personalized recognition items, and publicity honors. Formed in 2002, The National Society of High School Scholars recognizes academic excellence at the high school level and encourages members of the organization to apply their unique talents, vision, and potential for the betterment of themselves and the world. Currently, there are more than 530,000 Society members in over 160 countries.NSHSS provides scholarship opportunities for deserving young people.
For more information about NSHSS, visit www.nshsss.org
samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012 Page 7
Romney says he supports Father killed girl, 2, “100 percent in America” over toilet training
MIAMI (AP) — Facing tough questions about his commitment to all Americans, Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney declared Wednesday that his campaign supports “the 100 percent in America.” Romney was responding at a televised forum to questions sparked by his remarks last spring that, as a candidate, “my job is not to worry about” the 47 percent of Americans who don’t earn enough to pay income taxes and are likely to support President Barack Obama. He also described them as people who are “dependent upon government, who believe that they are victims, who believe they are entitled” to a wide range of benefits. In the days since the magazine Mother Jones posted the secretly taped comments to donors, the Romney campaign has tried to fend off criticism that the Republican candidate was writing off nearly half the country or was disdainful of them. Earlier, Romney tried to draw a distinction between himself and Obama. “The question of this campaign is not who cares about the poor and the middle class. I do. He does,” Romney said at an Atlanta fundraiser. “The question is who can help the poor and the middle class. I can. He can’t.” Romney has said he was talking on the video about support for his campaign, a point he returned to Wednesday at the Miami forum hosted by the Spanish-language TV network Univision. “I know that I’m not going to get 100 percent of the vote and my campaign will focus on those people we think we can bring in to support me, but this is a campaign about helping people who need help,” Romney said. “My campaign is about the 100 percent in America,” he said. The forum, which was broadcast nationally in Spanish from a swing state that could help decide the presidential contest, was an opportunity to court Hispanics. That growing voting bloc overwhelmingly supported President Barack Obama four years ago. However, the televised session initially focused on the caught-on-tape remarks, the latest in a string of missteps on domestic and foreign policy for the Republican candidate seven weeks out from Election Day. Speaking to Romney in Spanish, the Univision hosts peppered him with questions about the video before turning to his reluctance to clarify his immigration policy and to his support for Arizona’s controversial immigration law. Romney backed away from his support earlier in the year for policies that would promote “self-deportation” of illegal immigrants. He said he supported policies that might give legal status to young illegal immigrants who serve in the military or pursue higher education. “We’re not going to round up people around the country and deport them,” he said. “We need to provide a long-term solution.” He declined to detail his solution, despite being pressed by the hosts. Romney assailed Obama for failing to deliver campaign promises to overhaul the nation’s immigration system. “He never tried to fix the immigration system,” Romney said of the Democratic incumbent. “I will actually reform the immigration system and make it work for the people of America.” The Obama campaign responded by arguing that Hispanic voters have reason not to trust Romney. “On critical issues, he continued to refuse to answer any of the tough questions or provide any specifics on what he’d do as president,” Obama campaign official Stephanie Cutter said in a statement. Obama is scheduled to participate in the same forum on Thursday. DETROIT (AP) — A Detroit man was so obsessed over toilet training that he fatally beat his 2-year-old daughter for having an accident, a prosecutor said Wednesday in an opening statement to jurors at the man’s first-degree murder trial. D’Andre Lane also is charged with child abuse in the Dec. 2 disappearance of Bianca Jones, whose body has never been found. Lane told police the toddler was abducted during a carjacking. The car was found less than an hour later, but the girl wasn’t in it. Lane, who has fathered seven children with seven women, is accused of beating Bianca to death with a stick with a towel wrapped in duct tape, and disposing of her body. Lane told officers during questioning that he had spanked the child for wetting herself. “He believed that if 2-year-olds had accidents they should be physically punished,” Wayne County Assistant Prosecutor Carin Goldfarb told jurors. “The defendant staged a carjacking to cover up the death of his baby.” Lane put the child’s body in the car the next day as he was going to take an older daughter and a nephew to school, Goldfarb said. “The defendant staged a carjacking to cover up the death of his baby,” the prosecutor said. Defense attorney Terry Johnson has said prosecutors have no evidence against Lane and their “case is based on the argument that he spanked her.” Johnson told the jury there was no evidence of physical harm and that while Lane may have hit the girl with a stick, it had a protective cover to prevent harm. Johnson also said Lane was distraught at the disappearance of his daughter and cooperated with police. “They want to paint him as the embodiment of evil,” said Johnson. The defense lawyer told jurors that prosecutors are asking them to take a “leap of faith” and convict Lane. “I don’t want you to take a leap of faith; I want you to walk through the evidence step by step,” Johnson said.
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samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012
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This image made available by NASA shows the amount of summer sea ice in the Arctic on Sunday, Sept. 16, 2012, at center in white, and the 1979 to 2000 average extent for the day shown, with the yellow line. Scientists say sea ice in the Arctic shrank to an all-time low of 1.32 million square miles on Sunday, Sept. 16, 2012, smashing old records for the critical climate indicator. (AP Photo/U.S. National Snow and Ice Data Center) That’s 18 percent smaller than the previous record set in 2007. Records go back to 1979 based on satellite tracking.
Arctic ice shrinks OFFiCeR: insider attacks to an all-time low; aimed at Western resolve only half 1980 size
WASHINGTON (AP) — A series of “insider attacks” against U.S. and allied troops by Afghan forces are an attempt by the Taliban to drive a wedge between coalition and Afghan troops, a senior officer said Wednesday. But he said that while Western troops are now warier of Afghan partners, they are determined to avoid a full breakdown in trust. Australian Brig. Gen. Roger Noble, deputy to the alliance’s operations chief, acknowledged in a teleconference from Kabul that the attacks, which have killed 51 coalition troops this year, are upsetting the troops. He said he visited Australian troops at a base where an insider attack killed three Australians on Aug. 29. “They were pretty unhappy,” Noble told reporters at the Pentagon, adding that they also recognize the potential for the attacks to damage the war effort. “They live and breathe with Afghans, and they know that most of the Afghans they’re with think that sort of conduct is abhorrent, as well,” he added. “So the enemy’s got a tough task in actually driving a wedge between us, because we know what the people that do this are trying to do, and we will stand firmly against it.” Noble said it’s understandable that these attacks are particularly galling to the families of those killed and wounded. “It strikes right at the heart of our resolve,” he said. “It’s one thing to be killed in action by the insurgents. It’s quite another to be shot in the back of the head at night by your friends.” Reflecting frustration among some in Washington over recent setbacks in Afghanistan, Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., suggested the U.S. consider getting out earlier than the planned 2014 exit. “I think all options (should) be considered, including whether we have to just withdraw early rather than have a continued bloodletting that won’t succeed,” McCain told reporters on Capitol Hill. “The whole program has to be reevaluated because the process they said would lead to that (December 2014) withdrawal has been an abject and total failure.”
WASHINGTON (AP) — In a critical climate indicator showing an ever warming world, the amount of ice in the Arctic Ocean shrank to an all-time low this year, obliterating old records. The ice cap at the North Pole measured 1.32 million square miles on Sunday. That’s 18 percent smaller than the previous record of 1.61 million square miles set in 2007, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center in Boulder, Colo. Records go back to 1979 based on satellite tracking. “On top of that, we’re smashing a record that smashed a record,” said data center scientist Walt Meier. Sea ice shrank in 2007 to levels 22 percent below the previous record of 2005. Ice in the Arctic melts in summer and grows in winter, and it started growing again on Monday. In the 1980s, Meier said, summer sea ice would cover an area slightly smaller than the Lower 48 states. Now it is about half that. Man-made global warming has melted more sea ice and made it thinner over the last couple decades with it getting much more extreme this year, surprisingly so, said snow and ice data center director Mark Serreze. “Recently the loss of summer ice has accelerated and the six lowest September ice extents have all been in the past six years,” Serreze said. “I think that’s quite remarkable.” Serreze said except for one strong storm that contributed to the ice loss, this summer melt was more from the steady effects of day-to-day global warming. But he and others say the polar regions are where the globe first sees the signs of climate change. “Arctic sea ice is one of the most sensitive of nature’s thermometers,” said Jason Box, an Ohio State University polar researcher. What happens in the Arctic changes climate all over the rest of the world, scientists have reported in studies. The ice in the Arctic “essentially acts like an air conditioner by keeping things cooler,” Meier said. And when sea ice melts more, it’s like the air conditioner isn’t running efficiently, he said. Sea ice reflects more than 90 percent of the sun’s heat off the Earth, but when it is replaced by the darker open ocean, more than half of the heat is absorbed into the water, Meier said. Scientists at the snow and ice data center said their computer models show an Arctic that would be essentially free of ice in the summer by 2050, but they add that current trends show ice melting faster than the computers are predicting.
In response to the spike in insider attacks and tensions over an anti-Muslim movie produced in the U.S., coalition leaders in Kabul ordered that military operations with small-sized Afghan and coalition units be undertaken only with the approval of the regional commander. Previously, coalition troops routinely conducted operations such as patrolling or manning outposts with small units of their Afghan counterparts. It’s unclear whether the coalition’s exit strategy can succeed with less partnering with Afghan policemen and soldiers, who are scheduled to take over for foreign combat troops by the end of 2014. Gen. Martin Dempsey, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, said in Washington on Wednesday that the changed approach to working with Afghan forces should be seen as a temporary adjustment, not a change in war objectives or strategy. Asked about the matter while traveling in China on Wednesday, Defense Secretary Leon Panetta echoed Dempsey’s remarks. “Our fundamental strategy remains the same,” Panetta said. “These tactics and what’s occurring here is aimed at one thing, it’s aimed at trying to break the relationship between the United States and the Afghan army, which is critical for our ability to ultimately move toward security in the future in Afghanistan.” There have been at least three insider attacks this month, including one on Monday in which no one was killed. The Pentagon on Wednesday released the names of four U.S. soldiers killed in an insider attack on Sunday, although its announcement did not mention that they were shot by Afghan troops. It just said “their position was attacked with small arms fire.” The four are Sgt. Sapuro B. Nena, 25, of Honolulu; Spc. Joshua N. Nelson, 22, Greenville, N.C.; Pfc. Genaro Bedoy, 20, of Amarillo, Texas; and Pfc. Jon R. Townsend, 19, Claremore, Okla.
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WASHINGTON (AP) — On Mars, a partial eclipse of the sun isn’t quite as rare as on Earth. So NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover is snapping hundreds of pictures of the spectacle for the folks back home to ooh and aah over. Two moons zip around the red planet and they’re closer and faster than our lumbering moon, so eclipses are more common. Scientists say there’s even somewhat of an eclipse season on Mars, and it’s that time of year when those Martian moons take turns taking bites of the sun. Curiosity turned its cameras skyward to watch the action in three different eclipses, starting last week and continuing Wednesday, when a moon partially slipped between Mars and the sun. The rover has been beaming back a stream of photos of the Martian landscape since landing near the equator last month. Texas A&M University scientist Mark Lemmon said the eclipse pictures will help scientists track the fate of the larger Martian moon, Phobos, which is slowing down in its orbit around Mars. In 10 to 15 million years, Phobos will get so close to Mars it will break up and crash into the planet. These moons aren’t mere curiosity factors. They get so close to Mars that “they change Mars’ shape ever so slightly” with their pull, Lemmon said. Past rovers have taken pictures of solar eclipses from Mars, but not with such good cameras that take high resolution photos and so many shots that it produces a movie of sorts, Lemmon said. And now that Curiosity has gazed skyward, it’s time for the Mini Cooper-sized spacecraft to focus on the ground. On Friday, Curiosity will test its first rock with a laser and other chemical testing kits on the end of its robotic arm. Its first target is a pyramid-shaped dark rock, about 10 inches tall and 16 inches wide at the base. Two of the arm’s chemicalsniffing devices will snuggle up against the rock — named for Jake Matijevic, a Mars rover engineer who died recently — so scientists can figure out what it is made of. “It’s just a cool looking rock sitting out there on the plains,” said Mars Science Laboratory scientist John Grotzinger. But it’s not that unusual and seems similar to rocks past rovers have tested before. That makes it a good start for the rover’s testing equipment. It’s the type of rock that is scattered all over Mars probably blown out of a crater when it was hit by an asteroid or something, Grotzinger said.
eclipse season on Mars, so Curiosity took photos
samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012 Page 9
Some of the volunteers last Saturday at Lions Park picking up trash along the coast during the start of the local Coastweek 2012, which was also International Coastal Cleanup Day worldwide. Various govt. organizations in Am. Samoa joined members of the public last Saturday to help clean the coast at Lions Park. During last year’s International Coastal Cleanup Day, worldwide there were 598,076 volunteers, 9,184,428 pounds of trash collected with 20,776 miles being covered worldwide, according to the website www.oceanconservancy.org. The website also said that the top ten participating countries were the United States (100,000 volunteers), Philippines (100,000 volunteers), Canada (16,000-35,000 volunteers), India (16,000-35,000 volunteers), Dominican Republic 16,00035,000 volunteers), South Africa (16,000-35,000 volunteers), Mexico (11,000-15,000 volunteers), Puerto Rico (11,000-15,000), Ecuador (11,000-15,000) and Venezuela (11,000-15,000). Top items found worldwide were cigarettes butts, cap/lids, plastic beverage bottles, plastic bags, food wrappers/containers, cups, plates, forks, knives, spoons, glass beverage bottles, straws, [photo: Jeff Hayner] stirrer sticks, beverage cans and paper bags.
Fa’amuamua Tagata
FOFO O FA’AFITAULI
O le ta’ita’i AGAVA’A e le solomuli pe tele pe itiiti le fa’afitauli. E su’esu’e ma sa’ili le mafua’aga, silasila po o a’afia le tulafono.
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People First
O le ta’ita’i AGAVA’A e puipui le Malo ina ne’i afaina i le tulafono, e puipui fo’i tagatanu’u ia ‘aua ne’i mafatia i ni fa’afelavei e tupu mai. E tatau fo’i i lenei ta’ita’i ona fesiligia fa’atonu o ofisa uma po ua mae’a ona auina a latou lipoti i le feterale pe afai na fa’aaogaina ni tupe fa’a-une, o fuafuaga a fa’atonu mo le aga’i i luma o o latou ofisa, e fa’atatau i a latou paketi, auala ma metotia e taofia ai le fa’ama’imauina o tupe a le Malo ma le atunu’u.
SOLUTIONS
A leader who is COMPETENT has the ability to find the solution to the problem, big or small. A competent leader wants to know all the facts, maybe even talk to the person(s) involved, and check the legal side of the problem. A COMPETENT leader wants to avoid ASG getting fined for not sending reports to the federal agencies on time, or for sending reports that are not correct. A COMPETENT leader must be willing to speak to his staff when he believes or he hears that the people are unhappy with our ASG services. He must also be able to ask directors questions about their projects, their budgets, and what they have done to prevent abuse of government property, government time, and government monies.
This ad was paid for by the committee to elect Lolo & Lemanu for Governor and Lt. Governor
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samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012
Le
Lali
tusia Ausage Fausia
Molimau Ponausuia o loo lelei tausiga soifua maloloina tagata Manu’a
O se va’aiga i le tumu o le potu sa faia ai le feutaga’iga o le fa’asa o lo’o ua fa’amalosia nei e taofia ai le toe fagotaina o so’o se ituaiga o Malie, Lalafi, Ataata ma le Ulumato Laea po’o le Galo i o tatou ogasami, ma ua fa’asa fo’i le toe ‘aina pe fa’atau atu, po’o le fasia fo’i ia mate.
Tetele Pesega ae Matua i le Oo
tusia: Leua Aiono Frost
[ata: Leua Aiono Frost]
Na fa’atumulia le potu fono o le Matagaluega e Puipuia le Saogalemu o le Vaomatua ma le Gataifale o le atunu’u, ina ua lolofi atu le vasega o Tautai o le vasa, le fanau a’oga o le tupulaga o lo’o ua latou fa’autagia, e ao ina fa’asao puna’oa o le gataifale mo latou fo’i vaitau, ae maise o le mamalu o e ua latou fa’atauaina le feutaga’iga ma le matagaluega lea, ina ia tamau le fa’asa o le toe fa’atama’ia o Ituaiga uma o Malie, ma isi i’a lapopo’a o le gataifale ua seasea ona toe va’aia. “O le feutaga’iga lenei e ao ina faia, ia fa’ailoa atu ai e faifaiva, alia po’o va’a i’a tetele, mo le fofoga taumafa o aiga pe fa’atau fo’i, ua faia le fa’asa ma ua mae’a fa’amalosia i le fa’atonuga tuma’oti a le Kovana Sili e pei ona mae’a sainia i le masina ua te’a, ma ua toe alauta nei, ina ia fa’amausali atoatoa i totonu o le atunu’u.” O se fa’apupulaga lea a le Fa’atonu sili DMWR Uafagafa Ray Tulafono. “Aisea e fa’alauiloa ma toe feutaga’i ai? Ina ia mautinoa ua malamalama ma silafia e tagata uma, ina ne’i avea ma si’o a se tasi e le’i iloa lea tulafono ua fa’amamalu nei!” Ina ua mae’a fa’alauiloaina le tulafono o le a taofia ai le toe fagotaina o so’o se ituaiga Malie, Ataata, Lalafi ma Laea Ulumato po’o le Galo, na fa’ailoa lea ua matua sa lava ona toe fagota pe ‘aina nei i’a, ae afai ae maua i upega fagota ma faiva o le atunu’u, ia toe fa’asola, ae afai ua mate le i’a, e le tatau lava ona aumaia e fa’aaoga e le faifaiva ma lona aiga, e tatau lava ona tia’i i le sami na fagota ane ai. Ua fa’ailoa, o le sone e va’ai toto’a e Amerika Samoa, le vaega lea a le DMWR, e na’o le 3 maila le mamao ma le apitagalu, ae o le vaega a le NOAA e latou te va’aia tua atu aua e 200 maila le mamao o le latou puipuigamalu o le gataifale mai o tatou apitagalu. O le fesili na lu’ia ai le matagaluega ma le mau o le a pasia, “Pe fa’apefea la tua atu o le 200 maila i o tatou gataifale?” O le tali na fa’ao’o mai, “O le mea lena e i ai le sa’olotoga o va’a fagota uma mai isi atunu’u o le lalolagi, ae fa’asaina lava ona aumaia i totonu o le tatou falei’a ma fa’atau mo i tatou i’inei. O le tali, e mafai ona toe malaga ese atu ma le va’a fa’agota tetele a latou malie ma nei uma i’a, e ave i isi malo e fa’atau i ai!” O le matagofie o lea fonotaga ma le mamalu lautele, ona i ai pulenu’u ma isi sui matutua o le atunu’u e fiafia e taumafa i i’a, ae sa le tu’ua fo’i e le tupulaga talavou le fonotaga, aua o le taumafaiga o lo’o fa’atino nei e le Malo, ia mafai ona maua so latou avanoa i nei puna’oa o le gataifale i o latou taimi ma soloa’i atu ai i a latou fanau. O se folasaga a le ali’i Saeanisi sa auai, Dr Fenner, sa ia fa’ailoa ai, “O lo ua na’o le 4 i le 8% le tele o i’a nei i so’o se ogasami o le vasa pasefika, ae maise ai Malie!” Ua iloga mai, ua tatau ona tatou fa’asao malie, aua o malie e alagatutusa lelei le maualuga o le va’ai a le fa’asao lenei i le “Malie o le sami,” ma le “Liona o le vaomatua!” Ua fa’ailoa mai e Ufagafa Ray Tulafono, “O le maualuga lena o le foafaoga a le Atua i Malie o le Sami, e pitoaluga lava i latou i le fa’asologa o mea’ai e soloa’i mai manu nini’i o le alititai se’ia o’o i le Malie, ona toe fa’asolo mai lea ina mate ma fa’afo’ia le sosia i le alititai o le sami.” E ui la ina tetele pesega o lea fonotaga, ae sa maua le ‘autasi, “E Tatau ona fa’asao so’o se ituaiga o Malie, ma nei i’a tetele ua le toe va’aia!”
Na teena e le Sui Faatonusili o le Matagaluega o le Soifua Maloloina ia Elizabeth Ponausuia le molimau a le alii foma’i ia Dr. Malouamaua Tuiolosega e faapea, o loo pagatia tagata Manu’a ona o le faaletonu o le tausiga o lo latou soifua maloloina, ae o lana molimau, “o loo lelei falema’i ma mea uma o loo tautua ai le soifua maloloina o tagata Manu’a.” O le iloiloga a le komiti o le Soifua Maloloina/LBJ a le maota o sui ma Ponausuia na faia lea ina ua maea le iloiloga sa faia ma le alii foma’i ia Dr. Tuiolosega. E le’i auiliili e Ponausuia i luma o le komiti mafuaaga o le faamavae of Tuiolosega ose foma’i tofia a le Matagaluega mo Manu’a, “na pau la’u molimau i luma o le komiti, e lagona le faanoanoa ona o le tulaga le lelei o loo i ai le tausiga e le alii foma’i o le falema’i i Tau ma Ofu, faapea ai Ofisa ma potu o loo faaaoga e tagata faigaluega e nonofo ai, e oo lava foi i le potu e moe ai le alii foma’i (tulou), e le o lelei ona vaai ma tausia lelei,” o le molimau lea a Ponausuia. Ina ua fesiligia e sui o le komiti na taua ai e le sui faatonusili e faapea, o lana asiasiga mulimuli lava mo Manu’a o le masina o Aokuso na te’a nei, lea foi na maua le avanoa la te feiloa’i ma faasoa ai ma le alii foma’i i tulaga o loo i ai le tautua a le Soifua Maloloina i Manu’a, ma tuuina atu ai loa ia te ia e le alii foma’i lisi o mea o loo mana’omia mo Manu’a, lea fo’i na ia tali atu i ai ina ua toe fo’i mai i Tutuila nei, ma faae’e atu loa i le vaa mea e pei ona mana’omia. “E le’i faatasi lava ona faailoa mai e le alii foma’i ia te a’u nisi o tulaga faaletonu e pei ona ia taua i luma o le komiti, na te le’i faailoa mai fo’i sana fuafuaga o le a faamavae, peitai na ou te’i ina ua ou maua lana tusi faamavae,” o le molimau lea a Ponausuia i luma o le komiti. O le afioga i le Sui Fofoga Fetalai ia Talia Faafetai Iaulualo na muamua lava fesili i le molimau e faatatau i le tulaga o loo i ai le falemaliu i le falema’i i Manu’a, ae na tali le molimau, o loo faaaoga e Manu’a le falemaliu i le taimi lenei. Na toe fesili Talia poo fea ua ave i ai le $30,000 lea na pasia e le Fono i le Paketi o le Tausaga Faaletupe lenei 2012, i lalo o le ‘Special Program’ e faaleleia ai le pusaaisa o le falemaliu i Manu’a, ae na tali le sui faatonu, “e oo mai i le taimi nei matou te le o iloa poo fea ua oo i ai le $30,000 lena, ua uma foi ona matou faafesootaiina le Ofisa o le Paketi, ma o le molimau a Malemo Tausaga (le Faatonusili o le Ofisa o le Paketi), e leai se tupe o i ai i le paketi.” “Alu nei lava e toe faafesoota’i Malemo ma fai i ai e aumai le $30,000 na pasia e le Fono e faaleleia ai le pusaaisa i Manu’a, e le mafai ona tali mai faapena Malemo e leai se tupe o i ai, o loo i ai le tupe, o lea ua toe lua vaiaso maea le paketi o le tausaga lenei, ona le toe aoga lea o le tupe lena,” o le augani atu lea a le alii faipule mai Manu’a ia Talia i le sui faatonu. Saunoa Talia, “e lagona lo’u faanoanoa ona e foliga mai e le o faatinoina e le Soifua Maloloina lana tautua mo Manu’a, o iinei (Tutuila) e mafai ona togafiti tagata i le LBJ o loo latalata mai, poo isi fo’i falema’i Faaitumalo, ae o Manu’a, e leai se isi falema’i e sulu i ai tagata o le itumalo, ua na o Ofu lava ma Tau, ae oo lava i se ta’avale se tasi e ave mo le foma’i i Manu’a e le mafai ona e tuuina atu,” o le molimau lea a Talia. “O e fealua’i i se taavale,?” o le fesili lea a Talia ia Ponausuia, lea foi na tali le sui faatonu, “o lea lava,” ae na toe saunoa Talia, “e tatau ona ave le taavale lena mo Manu’a, na vaai tino lava o’u mata i le isi aso o savali le foma’i e ave vailaau ma asiasi i tagata mama’i i Manu’a i fale o aiga,” o le isi lea saunoaga a le alii faipule, ma faai’u ai lana saunoaga i lona talosagaina lea o le sui faatonu, ina ia tuu lona malosi atoa e faataua ai soifua o
(Continued on page 14)
Le Fa’atonu le tumau o le Matagaluega o le Soifua Malo(ata AF) loina, Elizabeth Ponausuia.
samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012 Page 11
American Samoa
O se va’aiga lea i masini fou fa’amanava mo tagata matutua, ua o’o mai i le Ofisa o le Cardiopulmonary Dept. o le tatou falema’i e fa’aaoga mo tagata e molita’i atu i le falema’i, ona ua tau puni le manava. O nei masini na maua mai, o se fa’ai’uga fa’aletulafono i le va o le EPA ma le Pulega o le Lotoa Tane Suau’u i Gataivai ma Kamupani uma o lo’o latou sapalaia lea nofoaga i [ata: Leua Aiono Frost] le Suau’u ma Oloa tau suau’u.
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Na pasia e maota e lua a le Fono Faitulafono i le taeao ananafi, suiga ua latou faia i le Paketi a le malo mo le Tausaga Tupe 2013 i lona faitauga faalua, ma le faamoemoe o le taeao nei e faitau faatolu ai mo le faapasiaina. Na umi se taimi o sasa’a le tofa a maota e lua ina ua latou tauaaoina suiga mo le paketi, i auala e tatau ona taoto lelei ai suiga a le Fono mo le paketi a le malo, ae i le faaiuga o felafolafoaiga lea na silia ma le itula, ma lagolagoina ai loa le manatu e talia suiga ua tuuina atu e le komiti. O suiga la ua pasia e maota e lua e uiga i le paketi e aofia ai vaega nei: (1) O le Matagaluega o Faamatalaga (Department of Information Technolocy-IT) ma le Matagaluega a le ARRA, o le a toe faafoi uma atu i lalo o le Ofisa o le Kovana e faatupe mai ai; (2) O le paketi a le ASPA ua pasia na o le 4 masina, ae o le paketi a le malo ua pasia le 12 masina; (3) ua pasia le vaevaeina o le $1 miliona lea ua aveese mai le Falema’i o le LBJ ae faasoasoa atu i isi Ofisa o le malo sa talosaga atu mo ni faaopoopoga i a latou paketi; (4) ma le aveeseina mai lea o le $6.8 miliona mai le paketi atoa a le malo. O le vaevaeina o le $1 miliona lea ua aveese mai i le falema’i e aofia ai (1) $210,000 mo le Pulega o Uafu ma Taulaga i tulaga o Konekarate; (2) $100,000 mo le Ofisa o Palota; (3) $140,000 mo teugatupe laiti mo nuu (small village fund); (4) $42,500 totogi ai le faaiuga a le faamasinoga mo Viiga Tuavale faasaga i le malo; (5) $329,500 e totogi ai le faaiuga a le faamasinoga mo le PIE faasaga i le malo; (6) $10,000 fausia ai tane vai mo le Aoga a Aunuu; (7) $50,000 faatau ai vailaau mo falema’i Manu’a; (8) $50,000 mo le Ofisa a le TAOA; (9) ma le $68,000 mo le Matagaluega o Faatoaga. ILOILOGA KOMITI FAATATAU PAKETI E ui i le tele o finagalo faaalia a sui o le Fono Faitulafono i le talanoaina o le Paketi a le malo, mo le tausaga tupe fou 2013, peitai o le taeao ananafi na pasia ai e komiti a maota e lua a latou suiga i le paketi, ina ia faaauau le paketi atoa na aumai a le malo mo le tausaga tupe fou, sei vagana ai le tupe e 6.8 miliona mai le Tobacco Settlement e aveese mai tupe maua faalotoifale. O le paketi a le malo mo le tausaga tupe fou 2013 sa tuuina atu i luma o le Fono Faitulafono, e $497,295,500, ae afai o lea ua aveese e le Fono le 6.8 miliona mai le Tobacco Settlement, ona tulai mai ai loa lea o le aofai e $490,495,500. O le 6.8 miliona lea ua pasia e komiti a maota e lua e aveese, o le a aveese mai i tupe faalotoifale ua valoia e le malo e tatau ona maua mai e faatupe ai lana paketi mo le tausaga tupe fou.
I le paketi a le malo ua i luma o le fono, e $77.3 miliona le tupe ua valoia e le malo e maua mai i le tausaga tupe fou, peitai ua faaitiitia nei i le $70.5 miliona e pei ona sui ai e le Fono. O le vaiaso na tea nei i le iloiloga a le komiti o le paketi a le fono lea na le taliaina ai sui o tusitala, sa latou pasia ai le manatu e ave na o le paketi e 4 masina a le malo, ma le faamoemoe e maea le uluai fa masina o le tausaga tupe fou, ona toe iloilo lea e le nofoaiga fou o le a tulai mai se isi vaega tupe e faaauau ai le paketi, peitai o lea manatu na teena e le toatele o Senatoa ma Faipule e aofia ai ma taitaifono a maota e lua. Saunoa le fofoga Fetalai ia Savali Talavou Ale e faapea, e ui e le lagolagoina e lona sui le paketi e 4 masina lea ua faalogo ua fulisia i ai le komiti, peitai e faigata ona toe faaali sona finagalo ona o manumanu i le tofa a le komiti ua maea ona lalafo i ai, ae na taua e le alii peresetene ia Gaoteote Palaie Tofau e faapea, e le tatau ona pasia e le Fono se paketi e 4 masina a le malo, leaga e i ai nisi o faamaumauga e tatau ona iloilo muamua e le Fono. Saunoa Gaoteote, e leai ni ma ni ripoti ua i luma o le Fono e faamaonia ai sa i ai se 6.8 miliona ua tauaao e le malo, ma o le isi lea vaega tupe e ao i le fono ona iloilo toto’a i ai, ae afai e le manino tulaga o tupe i le fono, e sili ona toe faaaoga le paketi o le tausaga lenei 2013 e faaalu ai le malo i le tausaga tupe fou, ae na taua e le alii Senatoa ia Galea’i Tuufuli e faapea, e le tatau ona pasia e le fono le paketi e 4 masina ae tuu atu le paketi mo le isi 8 masina e iloilo e sui fou o le a foufou mai i le Fono, aua e le iloa e le nofoaiga a le fono o loo i ai nei, poo ai ituaiga tagata o le a agai mai i le fono i le tausaga fou. “Tatou te le iloa pe o ni tagata amio komi ma faaletonuga ia o le a o mai i le isi nofoaiga, ae o lea o le a tatou tuu atu i ai le iloiloina o le paketi e taitai ai le malo o Tutuila ma Manu’a i le isi 12 masina, o la’u fautuaga, tatou o e fai se faaiuga mautu mo le paketi a le malo e 12 masina, aua ua ou talitonuga la outou tofa saili mo se manuia o le atunuu,” o le saunoaga lea a Galea’i. O le isi tulaga na lalafo i ai afioga i Senatoa ma Faipule, afai e suia e le fono le paketi a le malo i le 4 masina, e le o manino poo a vaega tupe o le a sui e le malo. Na faaalia e le afioga i le alii Senatoa ia Alo Dr. Paul Stevenson lona faanoanoa, ona o lea e foliga mai o le a toe foi le fono e iloilo le paketi ua uma ona tasi i ai le komiti. Fai mai lona talitonuga, o lona popolega, e leai se malo a uma ona alu i luma ona toe alu lea i tua.
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samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE American Samoa Government
Public invited to review draft of new Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy (CEDS) for American Samoa
Every five years the US Economic Development Administration requires a major update of a community’s CEDS as a requirementf or EDA public works and technical assistanceg rants. ASG regards this as an opportunity to review its economic development policies, programs and priorities particularly under present unstable economic conditions. EDA has been a major force in American Samoa’s economic development for 40 years, having funded hotel, industrial park, port, and the market place and water and sewer utilities over that period. Hundreds of people representing the private sector, the executive office and the legislature have been consulted in the preparation of this CEDS. This consultation process will continue through the final completion and approval of the process. We want to make sure that there is an opportunity for the public to contribute to this process as well. For this reason, we are making a draft of the document available for public review and comment. The document will be available for review between September 05 and October 05r2012. For documentr eview arrangementsp leasec ontact: Lasiandra Hall at 633-5155 x240 Please submit review comments to Lasiandra Hall at lasiandra.hall@.doc.as
tusia Ausage Fausia
Fa’afetaia Kovana le lagolago a le initeria
tusia Ausage Fausia
TATALA I TUA FEGAUA’I MAI LE TOESE O le tamaitai lea na tuuaia i lona talaina lea o ni siaki mai le kamupani sa faigaluega muamua ai, ua tatalaina nei i tua mai le toese i Tafuna i le vaiaso nei, i le maea ai lona ona taofia o ia i le toese mo ni nai masina, ao faatalitali ai se faaiuga o lana mataupu. O Fegaua’i Toese na ta’usala e le faamasinoga maualuga i moliaga mamafa e lua o le gaoi faapea ai ma le faia o faamaumauga sese, ao faigaluega ai i le kamupani o le Kooline Refrigeration. O moliaga ua tausala ai Toese na afua mai ina ua ia sainia faamalosi ni siaki a le kamupani ma tala mo le faamoemoe e faaaoga mo ia lava. I faamaumauga a le faamasinoga o loo taua ai, e lata i le $1,200 le tupe na tuuaia e le kamupani Toese sa ia gaoia, peitai e oo atu i le taimi na lau ai lana faasalaga, ua uma ona ia toe totogiina atu lenei tupe i le kamupani. Na faatoese Toese i le faamasinoga e tusa ai o le solitulafono sa ia faia, ma ia talosagaina ai se isi avanoa mo ia sei foi atu ai i lona aiga. Sa ia faatoese foi i lona aiga ona o le tauleagaina ai o lo latou igoa i le gaioiga sa ia faia. Na talia e le faamasinoga le faatoesega a le ua molia, faatasi ai ma talosaga a loia ina ia faanofovaavaaia o ia, ma poloaina ai loa o ia e le faamasinoga ina ia faanofovaavaaia mo le 3 tausaga i lalo o poloaiga e ao ona ia usitai i ai. O nisi o poloaiga a le faamasinoga sa tuuina atu ia Toese e usitai ma mulimuli i ai, o lona tuliina lea o masina e 12 i le toese i Tafuna, peitai o le a taofia lona tuliina o le umi o loo totoe, ae ua lava masina sa loka ai o ia e fai ma ona faasalaga i lenei mataupu, ia avea o ia o se tagatanuu lelei e tausisi i tulafono a le malo, ma ia aua foi nei ona toe soliina se tulafono a le malo. FALEPUIPUI LAGA TUI MO LE 40 MASINA O le alii talavou lea na ia sogiina (tulou) le isi alii i se agaese, ona o se feeseeseaiga na tula’i mai i lo la va, ua faafalepuipuiina nei mo le 40 masina, ina ua faamaonia e le faamasinoga le moliaga mamafa o le faaoolima i le tulaga muamua na tuuaia ai o ia e le malo. O se maliliega na sainia e Laga Tui ma le malo lea foi na talia e le faamasinoga maualuga, na ia tali ioe ai i le moliaga o le faaoolima i le tulaga muamua, ae solofua ai e le faamasinoga le moliaga o le faatupu vevesi i nofoaga faitele na totoe ai i le pepa o tagi na faaulu e le malo. O le moliaga o le faaoolima i le tulaga muamua, o se solitulafono mamafa i le vaega A, lea e mafai ona faasala ai se tasi i le toese mai le 10 e oo atu i le 30 tausaga le umi. O le faalavelave e pei ona tuuaia ai Tui na tulai mai lea i le taeao sesegi o le aso 3 Tesema 2011 i Pava’ia’i, ina ua alu le ua molia i le fale o le alii na aafia e su’e meaai ai a’o ‘ona, peitai na tuli ese e le alii na aafia le ua molia. Ae fai mai se vaega o le ripoti a le Ofisa Faanofovaavaaia, sa i ai se tala na lafo e le na aafia e faatatau i le tuaa a le ua molia, na mafua ai loa ona toe foi le ua molia i lona fale ma aumai ai loa le agaese, lea na ia faaoo ai loa manu’a i le alii na manu’a. Na taua i faamaumauga le faaaoga e Tui o le agaese e faaoo ai manu’a i le ulu ma le tauau o le alii na aafia, ma taofia ai o ia i le toese mo ni nai vaiaso. I faamaumauga a le faamasinoga o loo taua ai, e $715 le tupe na totogi e le ua molia mo lona pili o le falema’i, e mafua mai ona o le taimi na taofia ai o ia i manu’a na lavea ai. A’o le’i tuuina atu le faasalaga a le faamasinoga mo Tui, na maua lona avanoa e faatoese ai i le faamasinoga e tusa ai o le solitulafono sa ia faia, ma ia talosagaina ai se isi avanoa mo ia, peitai na saunoa le alii faamasino sili ia Michael Kruse e faapea, e atagia mai i le ripoti a le Ofisa Faanofovaavaaia, a’o le’i tula’i mai le faalavelave e pei ona tuuaia ai Tui, sa ia inuina le pia o le ‘Tausala’. Na faailoa e le faamasino sili i le loia Fautua mo Tagata Lautele o Ruth Risch-Fuatagavi, e ao ona toe faailoa i le Fono ina ia toe silasila i le tulafono o loo i ai, ona o le malosi o pasene o loo i totonu o nisi o ava malosi o loo aumaia i le atunuu. Na taua e le loia a Tui o Michael White i le faamasinoga e faapea, o se tasi lenei o mataupu o loo talanoaina pea i totonu o le latou ofisa, ona o nisi o ava malosi o loo ulufale mai i le atunuu, o loo maitauina ai le malosi o pasene o loo i ai, ma e ono mafai lea ona faaleagaina ai le mafaufau o le tagata. E 10 tausaga na fuafua le faamasinoga e faasala ai Tui i le toese, peitai ua faamalumalu lona tuliina o lea faasalaga, ae o le a faanofovaavaaia o ia mo le 10 tausaga i lalo o poloaiga a le faamasinoga. O nisi o ia poloaiga e aofia ai lona tuliina o masina e 40 i le toese i Tafuna, a mae’a, ona ia tuua lea o le teritori ae aumau ai i fafo atu mo le umi o lana faanofovaavaaia e oo atu i le taimi lea o loo totoe. Ua faatonuina foi o ia na te totogiina le tupe e $715, ma ia aua ne’i ona toe soliina se isi tulafono a le malo.
Ua fa’aalia e le kovana sili ia Togiola Tulafono lona fiafia tele i le Matagaluega a le Initeria, atoa ai ma tama fanau a Amerika Samoa o loo galulue ai, i le lagolago ua latou tuuina mai e ala lea i le taliaina o le talosaga mo le fausiaina o le Falema’i mo i latou e aafia i gasegase o le mafaufau, le mental health facility. O le vaiaso na te’a nei na toe valaauina ai i luma o le faamasinoga maualuga le mataupu lenei, e uiga i le fausiaina lea o le falema’i mo i latou e aafia i gasegase o le mafaufau, ma faailoa ai e le loia a le malo i le faamasinoga, le taliaina lea e le Initeria o le talosaga a Amerika Samoa. Na faailoa e le loia a le malo o Sarah Everett ina ua fesiligia e le faamasinoga, o le aso 12 Setema 2012 na tuuina mai ai se faaaliga mai le Initeria e faailoa mai ai le taliaina o le talosaga, ma ua taoto atu nei i le Matagaluega o Galuega a le malo mo le faatinoina o tauofoga mo le galuega. Na taua e Everette e faapea, e 6 konekarate ua maea ona tuuina atu a latou tauofoga mo le galuega, ma ua faamoemoe e tapunia tauofoga i le aso 11 Oketopa, ma faatulaga ai loa le taimi e amataina ai le galuega. I lana saunoaga i luga o lana polokalame i le faaiuga o le vaiaso na tea nei, na faaleo ai e Togiola suafa o nisi o tama fanau a Samoa o loo galulue i le Initeria, i lo latou fesoasoani lea i le unaia o lenei galuega tele mo le atunuu. “E momoli le agaga faafetai i le Failautusi o le Initeria ma alo Samoa o loo galulue ai ona o le taliaina o le tatou talosaga, ma ua vaaia ai le agai atu o lenei galuega i lona tulaga manuia,” o le saunoaga lea a le alii kovana. Saunoa foi Togola, o se tasi o tulaga manuia mo lenei faamoemoe, o le a mafai ai ona maua se mapusaga mo i latou e aafia i le gasegase o le mafaufau, ona ua vaaia lava le pagatia o le atunuu i gasegase eseese o le mafaufau ma lagona ae le o i ai lava se galuega lelei o faia i ai, ma ua oo atu ai i tulaga e aafia ai alo ma fanau o le atunuu. E le fou le mataupu e pei ona fesiligia ai e le faamasinoga maualuga le falema’i mo i latou e aafia i le gasegase o le mafaufau, ona o le taimi nei, o loo avea le falepuipui i Tafuna ma nofoaga o loo faamautu ai i latou nei, peitai i le talitonuga o le faamasinoga, e le o se nofoaga lelei lea mo i latou nei. Saunoa le alii faamasino sili ia Michael Kruse i le iloiloga o le mataupu lenei i le vaiaso na te’a nei, o se tasi o vaaiga e le manao le faamasinoga e vaai soo i ai, o le avea lea o le faapaologa o le fale faamasino ma nofoaga e nonofo ma mapu i ai nisi o le atunuu o loo aafia i gasegase o le mafaufau, lea foi e masani ona vaaia e le atunuu i le tele o polotito o faleoloa i le taulaga. E ui o lea e lei amataina le galuega, peitai o le eliina o le palapala mo le galuega na faataunuuina lea i le taimi na faamanatuina ai le fu’a a Tutuila ma Manu’a i le masina o Aperila na te’a nei, ona o le finagalo o le malo, o le avanoa lelei lea e mafai ai ona oo mai le sui Failautusi o le Matagaluega o le Initeria ia Anthony Babauta mo le faataunuuina o lea faamoemoe. I le tapunia ai o le tuuina atu o tusi talosaga mo tauofoga o le galuega, ona iloiloina ai loa lea e le Komiti o tusi talosaga uma i le va o Oketopa ma Novema 2012, ma tuuina atu ai loa le konekarate o le a faamanuiaina i le Pule o le Ofisa e Pulea Oloa a le malo mo le iloiloina o le konekarate ua faamanuiaina, ma tuuina atu ai loa le tusi aloaia e faamaonia ai le taliaina o le faaiuga a le Komiti. O isi gaioiga uma o loo totoe ai e faatinoina i le taimi lea, ma sauni atu ai loa le malo mo le amataina o le galuega i le amataga o le masina o Tesema o le tausaga nei.
➧ Pasia maota e lua…
Mai itulau 11
Na lagolagoina e le afioga i le alii faipule ia Faimealelei Anthony Allen le finagalo o Galea’i, e le tatau ona tuuina atu le iloiloina o se faaiuga mo le paketi a le malo i le isi nofoaiga o loo mulimuli mai, aua e le o mautinoa poo ai i latou o le a agai mai, ae lelei lava le fai e le nofoaiga o loo i ai nei se faaiuga mautu mo le paketi a le malo, lea foi na ia lagolagina ai le tatau lea ona pasia le paketi e 12 masina. I le faaiuga o felafolafoaiga a le komiti, na pasia ai loa le pasia o le paketi a le malo mo le tausaga tupe fou 2013, sei vagana ai le 6.8 miliona e aveese. Saunoa le Loia Sili i lana molimau, ua maea ona faatulaga le 6.8 miliona e totogi ai le nonogatupe a le malo i le Initeria, ma o le vaiaso nei e tatau ona aloaia mai ai suiga a le fono ua faia i le paketi, ao lei tuuina atu i luma o maota mo le pasiaina. E ui o lea ua tasi le finagalo o komiti a maota e lua i suiga o le paketi, peitai na tulai le alii faipule ia Larry Sanitoa i luma o le maota o sui i le taeao ananafi, ma ia faailoa lona faanoanoaga ona o le tulaga ua i ai le mataupu e uiga i le iloiloina o le paketi a le mao. Saunoa Sanitoa, e maualuga lona talitonuga o le maota o sui e gafa ma le matafaioi o le iloiloina lea o le paketi a le malo. Sa faatulai e le alii faipule se lu’i mo faipule o le a toe manumalo mai i nofoa a latou itumalo faatasi ai ma nisi faipule fou ina ia toe silasila toto’a i le mataupu lenei i le isi nofoaiga o loo lumana’i mai.
Tax penalty to hit nearly six million uninsured people
WASHINGTON (AP) — Nearly 6 million Americans — significantly more than first estimated— will face a tax penalty under President Barack Obama’s health overhaul for not getting insurance, congressional analysts said Wednesday. Most would be in the middle class. The new estimate amounts to an inconvenient fact for the administration, a reminder of what critics see as broken promises. The numbers from the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office are 50 percent higher than a previous projection by the same office in 2010, shortly after the law passed. The earlier estimate found 4 million people would be affected in 2016, when the penalty is fully in effect. That’s still only a sliver of the population, given that more than 150 million people currently are covered by employer plans. Nonetheless, in his first campaign for the White House, Obama pledged not to raise taxes on individuals making less than $200,000 a year and couples making less than $250,000. And the budget office analysis found that nearly 80 percent of those who’ll face the penalty would be making up to or less than five times the federal poverty level. Currently that would work out to $55,850 or less for an individual and $115,250 or less for a family of four. Average penalty: about $1,200 in 2016. “The bad news and broken promises from Obamacare just keep piling up,” said Rep. Dave Camp, R-Mich., chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, who wants to repeal the law. Starting in 2014, virtually every legal resident of the U.S. will be required to carry health insurance or face a tax penalty, with exemptions for financial hardship, religious objections and certain other circumstances. Most people will not have to worry about the requirement since they already have coverage through employers, government programs like Medicare or by buying their own policies. A spokeswoman for the Obama administration said 98 percent of Americans will not be affected by the tax penalty — and suggested that those who will be should face up to their civic responsibilities. “This (analysis) doesn’t change the basic fact that the individual responsibility policy will only affect people who can afford health care but choose not to buy it,” said Erin Shields Britt of the Health and Human Services Department. “We’re no longer going to subsidize the care of those who can afford to buy insurance but make a choice not to buy it.” The budget office said most of the increase in its estimate is due to changes in underlying projections about the economy, incorporating the effects of new federal legislation, as well as higher unemployment and lower wages. The Supreme Court upheld Obama’s law as constitutional in a 5-4 decision this summer, finding that the insurance mandate and the tax penalty enforcing it fall within the power of Congress to impose taxes. The penalty will be collected by the IRS, just like taxes. The budget office said the penalty will raise $6.9 billion in 2016. The new law will also provide government aid to help middleclass and low-income households afford coverage, the financial carrot that balances out the penalty. Nonetheless, some people might still decide to remain uninsured because they object to government mandates or because they feel they would come out ahead financially even if they have to pay the penalty. Health insurance is expensive, with employerprovided family coverage averaging nearly $15,800 a year for a family and $4,300 for a single plan. Indeed, insurance industry experts say the federal penalty may be too low. The Supreme Court also allowed individual states to opt out of a major Medicaid expansion under the law. The Obama administration says it will exempt low-income people in states that opt out from having to comply with the insurance requirement. Many Republicans still regard the insurance mandate as unconstitutional and rue the day the Supreme Court upheld it. However, the idea for an individual insurance requirement comes from Republican health care plans in the 1990s. It’s also a central element of the 2006 Massachusetts health care law signed by then-GOP Gov. Mitt Romney, now running against Obama and promising to repeal the federal law. Romney spokeswoman Andrea Saul said Wednesday the new report is more evidence that Obama’s law is a “costly disaster.” “Even more of the middle-class families who President Obama promised would see no tax increase will in fact see a massive tax increase thanks to Obamacare,” she said. Romney says insurance mandates should be up to each state. The approach seems to have worked well in Massachusetts, with virtually all residents covered and dwindling numbers opting to pay the penalty instead.
samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012 Page 13
American Samoa Government OFFICE OF PROCUREMENT
INVITATION FOR BID (IFB)
IFB No: 093-2012
Issuance Date: September 20, 2012 Date & Time Due: October 11, 2012 No Later than 2:00pm local time
1. INVITATION Sealed bids are invited from qualified firms to provide “Airport Janitorial & Landscaping Services”, located in the village of Tafuna, Territory of American Samoa. 2. RECEIPT & OPENING OF BIDS Sealed bids will be received by the Chief Procurement Officer, American Samoa Government, Tafuna, American Samoa 96799, until 2:00 p.m. Thursday, October 11, 2012 at which time and place the sealed bids will be publicly opened and read. 3. PRE-BID CONFERENCE A MANDATORY Pre-Bid Meeting will be held on Tuesday, October 2, 2012, 10:00 a.m. at the Office of Procurement Conference Room. Bids will not be accepted from bidders who are not present at the pre-bid conference. 4. CONTRACTD OCUMENTS Contract documents, including Scope of Work and Bid Form may be examined at the Office of Procurement or obtained there from, free of charge during regular business hours.” 5. The American Samoa Government reserves the right not to accept the lowest or any bid. 6. The American Samoa Government reserves the right to waive any informalities in bidding as may be in the best interest of the American Samoa Government.
IVY V. TAUFA’ASAU Chief Procurement Officer
AMERICAN SAMOA COMMUNITY COLLEGE
PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENT
“Pesticide Applicator Training”
ASCC Land Grant Program will be conducting a Pesticide Applicator Safety training for those who handle farm chemicals. If you are using farm pesticides without being certified, or you are planning to use chemicals in the near future, this is a good opportunity for you to attend this important training. The training schedule is as follows: Date: September 24 - 28, 2012 Time: 12:00 noon - 4:00 p.m. Place: ASCC Land Grant Training Room Registration is FREE. To confirm your participation for this training, please call Cora or Helen at 699-1575/2019. THANK YOU.
FAAALIGA FA’ALAUA’ITELE
“A’oa’oga mo i latou o lo’o fa’aaogaina vaila’au o’ona”
O le a faia se a’oa’oga mo i latou o lo o fa’aaoga vaila’au o’ona i fa’ato’aga. Afai o lo’o e fa’aaoga vaila’au o’ona ae leai se tusi fa’ataga po’o e fa’amoemoe fo’i e te fa’aaoga i se taimi o i luma, o lou avanoa lelei lenei e te ‘auai ai i lenei a’oa’oga taua. O taimi la nei mo lenei vasega. Aso: Setema 24 - 28, 2012 Taimi: 12:00 - 4:00 p.m. Nofoaga e fai ai: Potu mo A’oa’oga a le Vaega o Laufanua ma Atina’e a le Kolisi Tu’ufa’atasi ma Alaalafaga o Amerika Samoa. “E leai se totogi o le resitala. Afai e te fia ‘auai ai i lenei a’oa’oga, fa’amolemole ia fa’afeso’ota’i mai Cora po’o Helen i le telefoni 699-1575/2019 FA’AFETAI.
➧ $6 million plus in cuts…
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samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012
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➧ sidelined… ➧ save-sandra challenge…
Continued from page 3
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after all revenues goes to LBJ operations. Vailiuama explained that ASG officials had testified before that they forecast collecting between $3 to $4 million a year under the wage tax and based on this forecast, the loan is expected to be paid in full by the end of December this year which is also the end of the first quarter of FY 20113. This means there is additional revenues going to the hospital in FY 2013 through this tax after the loan is paid by the end of this year, he said. LBJ is only forecasting to get $1.25 million from the wage tax in FY 2013. WhO bENEFITS FROM $1MIL. LbJ SUSIDy CUT Two departments got extra money — Department of Port Administration with $210,000 and Election Office with $100,000 to help fund the 2012 general election, which was only allocated $200,000, but Chief Election Officer Soliai T. Fuimaono told lawmakers this month that an additional $240,000 is needed. Also benefiting from the $1 million cut from the LBJ subsidy are several services listed in the budget under the Special Program category: ➤ $140,000 for the Small Village/Water Fund, which has already been allocated $100,000 in FY 2013. This program is currently administered by the Office of Samoan Affairs. ➤ $42,500 to settle a High Court judgment handed down in 2009 over a 2001 accident where a student was injured by a government vehicle around the Pago Pago Elementary School area. ➤ $329,500 to settle a High Court judgment against ASG for breach of contract by failing to pay for construction services provided by Pacific International Engineering, Ltd. (PIE). ➤ $10,000 to construct a new water tank for the A.P. Lutali Elementary School on Aunu’u. ➤ $50,000 to cover medication costs for the clinics in Manu’a. ➤ $50,000 to cover personnel costs at the Territorial Administration on Aging, which is the local government’s contribution for senior citizens working at the TAOA, whose budget is fully funded by federal grants. This allocation is separate from the TAOA’s FY 2013 budget. • $68,000 for personnel expenditures at the Department of Agriculture and this allocation is separate from the department’s budget of FY 2013 under ASG departments. ASPA bUDGET ChANGE Another change made by the Fono is that the American Samoa Power Authority’s FY 2013 is approved for four months only. Specific details on the breakdown were not available at press time, but should be available this morning. This was the same move made by the Fono for ASPA’s FY 2012, where the authority argued that it’s the ASPA board that has the final decision on their budget and the utility operated FY 2012 with a budget of $118.47 million. ASPA’s budget for FY 2013 is $115.45 million.
The project will examine the research question: to what level do young people from the Pacific region participate in decision making, and how do they think their participation might be improved?´ “We all win if the door is open for young people to contribute seriously and meaningfully in decision making. They bring vital and fresh perspectives to all kinds of societal issues. It is also important to tap into their innovation and creativity on all fronts, rather than involving them tokenistically or only on youth issues. At the Commonwealth we see young people as assets, so we are committed to supporting member governments and youth leaders to find avenues for authentic youth participation to occur,” said Katherine Ellis, Director and Head of Youth Affairs for the Commonwealth, who is attending the conference. The Commonwealth Pacific Youth Leadership and Integrity Conference will build the leadership skills of young people and focus on democracy, political processes, leadership models, conflict resolution and effective communication. It is part of the Commonwealth Youth Programme´s Pacific Centre´s work to engage and empower young people (ages 15-29) and enhance their contribution to development. Young people from Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, New Zealand, Marshall Islands, Niue, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu are participating in the Commonwealth Pacific Youth Leadership and Integrity Conference. The conference concludes Saturday 22 September.
“As a consequence, an asserted violation of this subsection is not a valid cause for a registered elector to challenge the right of an individual to be a candidate for governor or lieutenant governor,” the judges said. “Petitioners have failed to assert valid legal reasons for challenging the qualifications of the ‘Parties in Interest’ to be such candidates, the petition is dismissed,” the judges concluded. (The parties in interest are the challenged candidates.) Responding to Samoa News questions after 4:30 p.m. yesterday, Chief Election Officer Soliai Tuipine Fuimaono said he has no announcement at this point regarding the certification of gubernatorial candidates and the printing of ballots until he is officially served or receives the appellate court’s decision. He said he waited until 4 p.m. and he didn’t receive any official notice so he left the office. Soliai said as soon as the official decision is received and reviewed, he will make an official announcement through the news media. Samoa News will report in tomorrow’s edition on additional information from the court decision as well as any new updates from the Election Office regarding the gubernatorial race.
➧ CouRt BRieFs…
Continued from page 5
NAOMI MAVAEGA TO ENTER GUILTy PLEA The court heard from Assistant Public Defender Leslie Cardin that her client Naomi Mavaega has taken the plea deal offer from the government, however the proper paperwork was just filed with the court. The defendant is facing criminal charges on allegations that she stole a wallet, used the cash in it and then attempted to use the credit card belonging to the victim. Mavaega of Ili’ili is charged with stealing and fraudulent use of a credit device. Cardin asked the court to schedule another date for the court to hear the plea agreement which has already been signed between the government and the defendant. Chief Justice Michael Kruse scheduled the change of plea for the defendant on October 5, 2012. Details of the plea deal will be read on that day. According to the government’s case, the victim’s wallet was stolen in the ER at LBJ on August 26, 2011. The government claims the defendant admitted to police she had grabbed the victim’s wallet when she left the hospital, used the $40 cash, and also went to ASCO Motors with a man she owed money to, to buy tires in order to pay him back. Assistant Public Defender Leslie Cardin represents Mavaega while prosecuting for the government is Assistant Attorney General Kimberly Hyde. hyMIE SEFO DENIES SECOND CASE AGAINST hIM IN ThE hIGh COURT Hymie Sefo has denied allegations against him in a second case filed by the government when he was arraigned in the High Court. The defendant has another case pending in the High Court. Sefo denied the charges of receiving stolen property, a class C felony which is punishable up to seven years in jail, a fine of up to $5,000 or both. According to the government’s case, an alleged burglary occurred at Leone High School where laptops were stolen. The LHS teacher told police five iMac computers, five keyboards, five mouses and a hard drive were taken from the classroom. The government claims, that two other men burglarized the school and the defendant received one of the laptops. The defendant claims that he threw the computer away as it was inoperable and he didn’t want to get caught with a stolen computer. The defendant is represented by Karen Shelley while prosecuting is Assistant Attorney General Cecilia Reyna.
➧ molimau Ponausuia…
Mai itulau 10
tagata Manu’a. Na taua e Ponausuia i lana molimau, o le tele o taimi e le fesootai mai ai le alii fomai i ni mea o loo mana’omia mo Manu’a, ae fai lava e ia ana faaiuga e ui o faaiuga na e tatau ona talanoa faatasi ai latou. Mo se faataitaiga o le molimau a Ponausuia, o le alu lea o le alii fomai oka vailaau ma fualaau mai le LBJ e aunoa ma lona logoina o le Ta’ita’i Foma’i poo ia fo’i. Sa ia taua foi lona fiu i nisi taimi e telefoni i le alii fomai, imeli i ai i nisi o mataupu taua e manaomia lo la faasoa ai, peitai e le tali mai lava le foma’i. “Afai e lelei le fesootaiga i le va o matou ma le alii foma’i i Manu’a, ona lelei lea ma manuia la matou galuega mo le taumafaiga o le tautua i Manu’a,” o le molimau lea a Ponausuia na mafua ai ona fautua le alii faipule ia Vaamua Henry Sesepasara i le sui faatonu, e tuu ese feeseeseaiga faale tagata i le va o ia ma le alii foma’i, ae fai ia lelei la latou tautua mo tagata Manu’a. “E laki Tutuila nei o loo i ai falema’i tua ma le LBJ e mafai ona o i ai le atunuu pe a manaomia ni togafitiga poo ni fesoasoani fo’i, ae o nai o tatou uso i Manu’a, e na o le tasi lava le falema’i o loo i ai,” o le saunoaga lea a Vaamua.
samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012 Page 15
American Samoa
Undated picture of Chile’s remote Alejandro Selkirk Island. Invasive species are crowding out the unique native plants and birds that evolved during more than a million years of isolation before the first people moved into the Juan Fernandez archipelago, composed of three remote islands; Robinson Crusoe, Alejandro Selkirk and Santa Clara, about 416 miles (670 kilometers) (AP Photo/Hugo Arnal) west of the Chilean mainland.
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Chile has protected 96 percent of the territory as a national park since 1935, but the budget “is insufficient, without a doubt,” said Ivan Leiva, who runs the park for the state-owned forestry corporation. “The problem is growing and defeating us.” Leiva, whose office is surrounded by small gardens and makeshift greenhouses, has made each of his eight park guards personally responsible for two species of particularly threatened plants. The guards monitor their charges, note when they flower and seed, and confront challenges that might arise. Such tactics worked with the Dendroseris gigantea, a member of the asteraceae family whose broad, long-stemmed leaves were munched to the nubs by wildly propagating goats.Leiva marshaled an international group of biologists to prevent its extinction. They kept vigil throughout the year, measuring weather and soil conditions and managing to collect enough seeds to produce 50 more trees. Most now grow in the park’s gardens, while 15 have been planted around the “mother” tree.
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An earlier six-year, $2.5 million effort eliminated goats and rabbits from Santa Clara, an islet not far from town. Islanders were paid for each pelt and even provided with replacement bullets. Goats were introduced by the Spanish in the 1600s to provide food for passing sailors, and their meat helped save the life of Alexander Selkirk, the marooned Scottish sailor whose four-year ordeal on the main island is widely believed to have helped inspire Defoe’s 1719 castaway novel.. On the island Chile later named Robinson Crusoe, goats have been contained to a manageable area, but rabbits and rats run wild. Meanwhile, on Alejandro Selkirk, the most remote of the islands, thousands of wild goats are destroying the habitat of the Rayadito de Masafuera, a small ovenbird whose numbers have dwindled to about 550. Hunting down these animals on that island’s steep slopes would be impossible by foot, but Chile can follow the lead of Ecuador in the Galapagos, where helicopters were used to eliminate wild goats and pigs from a much larger area, said Arnal.
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The increases in mobility coincide with modest improvements in the job market as well as increased school enrollment, especially in college and at advanced-degree levels. Marriages dipped to a low of just 50.8 percent among adults 18 and over, compared with 57 percent in 2000. Among young adults 25-34, marriage was at 43.1 percent, also a new low, part of a longer-term cultural trend in which people are opting to marry at later ages and often cohabitate with a partner first. Births, on the other hand, appeared to be coming back after years of steep declines. In 2011, the number of births dipped by 55,000, or 1 percent, to 4.1 million, the smallest drop since the pre-recession peak in 2008, according to Kenneth Johnson, a sociology professor and senior demographer at the University of New Hampshire. More recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also show that once-precipitous drops in births are slowing. “There are signs that young adults have turned a corner,” said Mark Mather, associate vice president at the Population Reference Bureau. “More young adults are staying in school, which will increase their potential earnings when the job market bounces back. It’s going to take some time, but we should see more young adults entering the labor force, buying homes and starting families as economic conditions improve.” While poverty slowed, food stamp use continued to climb. Roughly 14.9 million, or 13 percent of U.S. households, received food stamps, the highest level on record, meaning that 1 in 8 families was receiving the government aid. Oregon led the nation at 18.9 percent, or nearly 1 in 5, due in part to generous state provisions that expand food
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stamp eligibility to families making 185 percent of the poverty level — roughly $3,400 a month for a family of four. Oregon was followed by more rural or more economically hard-hit states, including Michigan, Tennessee, Maine, Kentucky and Mississippi. Wyoming had the fewest households on food stamps, at 5.9 percent. Government programs did much to stave off higher rates of poverty. While the official poverty rate for 2011 remained stuck at 15 percent, or a record 46.2 million people, the government formula did not take into account noncash aid such as food stamps, which the Census Bureau estimates would have lifted 3.9 million people above the poverty line. If counted, that safety net would have lowered the poverty rate to 13.7 percent. And without expanded unemployment benefits, which began expiring in 2011, roughly 2.3 million people would have fallen into poverty. Some 17 states showed statistically significant increases in the poverty rate, led by Louisiana, Oregon, Arizona, Georgia and Hawaii. Among large metropolitan areas, McAllen, Texas, led the nation in poverty, at 38 percent, followed by Fresno, Calif., El Paso, Texas, and Bakersfield, Calif. In contrast, the Washington, D.C., metro area had the lowest level of poverty, about 8 percent, followed by Bridgeport, Conn., and Ogden, Utah. “There are signs among all these measures that the multiple downsides of the Great Recession have bottomed out, which is good news especially for young people who have seen their lives put on hold,” said William H. Frey, a demographer at Brookings Institution. “There is some light at the end of the tunnel.”
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samoa news, Thursday, September 20, 2012
This May 14, 2012 file photograph shows crewman Jeremy Prior offloading flounder from a fishing boat in New Bedford, Mass., Monday, May 14, 2012. The U.S. seafood catch reached a 17-year high in 2011, with all fishing regions of the country showing increases in both the volume and value of their harvests. New Bedford, Mass., had the highest-valued catch for the 12th straight year, (AP Photo/Stephan Savoia) due largely to its scallop fishery.
PORTLAND, Maine (AP) — The U.S. seafood catch reached a 17-year high last year, with all fishing regions of the country showing increases in both the volume and value of their harvests. Commercial fishermen last year caught 10.1 billion pounds of fish and shellfish valued at a record $5.3 billion, according to a report released Wednesday by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. That’s a 23 percent increase in catch by weight and a 17 percent increase in value over 2010. New Bedford, Mass., was the highest-valued port for the 12th straight year, due largely to its scallop fishery. Dutch Harbor, Alaska, was the No. 1 port for seafood volume for the 15th year in a row.
Seafood catch in U.S. reaches 17-year high
The increases are evidence that fish populations are rebuilding, said Sam Rauch, deputy assistant administrator for NOAA’s Fisheries Service. Still, a number of fisheries are in trouble. The Department of Commerce has declared disasters for cod and other so-called groundfish in New England, oyster and blue crab fisheries in Mississippi, and chinook salmon in Alaska’s Yukon and Kuskokwin rivers. “Overall nationally, the numbers are very good news,” Rauch said. “But we don’t want to miss the fact that there are parts of the industry that are or soon will be suffering economic pain.” Alaska led all states by far in catch volume, with 5.4 billion pounds, followed by Louisiana, California, Virginia and
Washington, according to the report. Alaska was also tops in the value of its catch, at $1.9 billion, followed by Massachusetts, Maine, Louisiana and Washington. Fishermen brought 706 million pounds of product to Dutch Harbor, the leading port by volume, while New Bedford, the top port by value, had $369 million worth of seafood cross its docks. All nine of NOAA’s fishing regions saw the volume and value of their catches go up in 2011. The numbers nationally were boosted by sharp increases for Gulf of Mexico menhaden, Alaska pollock and Pacific hake, also known as whiting. The catch in the Gulf of Mexico rose to its highest volume since 1999 following a 2010 fishing season that was shortened by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. In all, last year’s Gulf catch rose 55 percent to nearly 2 billion pounds, with the value rising 25 percent to $797 million. While certain regions were bolstered by strong showings in some fisheries, other sectors didn’t fare so well. New England, for instance, had strong lobster and scallop harvests. At the same time, fishermen who catch groundfish were having a tough time of it, with sharp cuts in quotas expected for next year because of dwindling populations. It’s good that the overall harvest numbers are growing nationwide, but that doesn’t help groundfishermen, said Russell Sherman, 64, who fishes out of Gloucester, Mass. Sherman, who owns a 72-foot boat, has had to spend $40,000 of his personal savings the past two years to keep his business afloat. With groundfishing in such bad shape, he’s trying his hand at catching squid for the first time, he said. “I’m pretty much out of business in groundfishing,” he said in a phone interview from Stonington, Conn., where he was preparing to go squid fishing. “I’m nearing retirement, only I’m not retiring because I can’t afford to.” Rauch said he expects the overall catch to continue going up in the years ahead, thanks to rebuilding fish populations and improved fisheries management. The report also showed that Americans ate an average of 15 pounds of seafood per person in 2011, down from 15.8 pounds in 2010. About 91 percent of the seafood consumed in the U.S. was imported, up from 86 percent in 2010. A portion of the imported seafood, however, was caught by U.S. fishermen, exported to other countries for processing then imported back into the U.S.
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